cuff

1 [kuhf]
noun
1.
a fold or band serving as a trimming or finish for the bottom of a sleeve.
2.
a turned-up fold, as at the bottom of a trouser leg.
3.
the part of a gauntlet or long glove that extends over the wrist.
4.
a separate or detachable band or piece of fabric worn about the wrist, inside or outside of the sleeve.
5.
an elasticized, ribbed, or reinforced band at the top of a sock or stocking.
6.
a band of leather or other material, wider than a collar, sewed around the outside of the top of a shoe or boot to serve as a trimming or finish.
7.
8.
Anatomy. a bandlike muscle or group of muscles encircling a body part.
9.
Furniture. a horizontal strip of veneer used as an ornament on a leg.
10.
Medicine/Medical. an inflatable wrap placed around the upper arm and used in conjunction with a device for recording blood pressure.
verb (used with object)
11.
to make a cuff or cuffs on: to cuff a pair of trousers.
12.
to put handcuffs on.
Idioms
13.
off the cuff, Informal.
a.
extemporaneously; on the spur of the moment.
b.
unofficially or informally: I'm telling you this strictly off the cuff.
14.
on the cuff, Slang.
a.
with the promise of future payment; on credit.
b.
without charge; with no payment expected: He enjoyed his meal the more because it was on the cuff.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English cuffe mitten; perhaps akin to Old English cuffie cap < Medieval Latin cuphia coif

Dictionary.com Unabridged

cuff

2 [kuhf]
verb (used with object)
1.
to strike with the open hand; beat; buffet.
noun
2.
a blow with the fist or the open hand; buffet.

Origin:
1520–30; perhaps < Scandinavian; compare Low German kuffen, Norwegian, Swedish dialect kuffa to push, shove

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
cuff1 (kʌf)
 
n
1.  the part of a sleeve nearest the hand, sometimes turned back and decorative
2.  the part of a gauntlet or glove that extends past the wrist
3.  (US), (Canadian), (Austral) Also called (in eg Britain): turn-up the turned-up fold at the bottom of some trouser legs
4.  informal off the cuff improvised; extemporary
 
[C14 cuffe glove, of obscure origin]

cuff2 (kʌf)
 
vb
1.  (tr) to strike with an open hand
 
n
2.  a blow of this kind
 
[C16: of obscure origin]

cuffs (kʌfs)
 
pl n
informal See handcuff short for handcuffs

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

cuff
mid-14c., cuffe "hand covering," perhaps somehow from M.L. cuffia "head covering," of uncertain origin. Sense of "band around the sleeve" is first attested 1520s; sense of "hem of trousers" is 1911. Off the cuff "extemporaneously" is 1938 Amer.Eng. colloquial, suggesting an actor or speaker reading from
notes jotted on his shirt sleeves rather than learned lines. Cuff links is from 1897.

cuff
"hit," 1530, perhaps from Sw. kuffa "to thrust, push."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

cuff (kŭf)
n.

  1. A bandlike structure encircling a part.

  2. An inflatable band, usually wrapped around the upper arm, that is used along with a sphygmomanometer in measuring arterial blood pressure.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
There has lately been a strange development of feeling over the rumors of a
  revival of detachable shirt cuffs.
Everyone got his collars and cuffs filthy with frosting.
There was for a while no money bid for argument unless the poet and the player
  went to cuffs in the question.
She knits woollen shawls and embroiders cuffs, ruining her old eyes.
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