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cultured

[kuhl-cherd] /ˈkʌl tʃərd/
adjective
1.
enlightened; refined.
2.
artificially nurtured or grown:
cultured bacteria.
3.
cultivated; tilled.
Origin
1735-1745
1735-45; culture + -ed2
Related forms
noncultured, adjective
overcultured, adjective
semicultured, adjective
well-cultured, adjective
Can be confused
cultivated, cultured.
Synonyms
1. polished, sophisticated, elegant, genteel.

culture

[kuhl-cher] /ˈkʌl tʃər/
noun
1.
the quality in a person or society that arises from a concern for what is regarded as excellent in arts, letters, manners, scholarly pursuits, etc.
2.
that which is excellent in the arts, manners, etc.
3.
a particular form or stage of civilization, as that of a certain nation or period:
Greek culture.
4.
development or improvement of the mind by education or training.
5.
the behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic, or age group:
the youth culture; the drug culture.
6.
Anthropology. the sum total of ways of living built up by a group of human beings and transmitted from one generation to another.
7.
Biology.
  1. the cultivation of microorganisms, as bacteria, or of tissues, for scientific study, medicinal use, etc.
  2. the product or growth resulting from such cultivation.
8.
the act or practice of cultivating the soil; tillage.
9.
the raising of plants or animals, especially with a view to their improvement.
10.
the product or growth resulting from such cultivation.
verb (used with object), cultured, culturing.
11.
to subject to culture; cultivate.
12.
Biology.
  1. to grow (microorganisms, tissues, etc.) in or on a controlled or defined medium.
  2. to introduce (living material) into a culture medium.
Origin
1400-50; late Middle English: tilling, place tilled (< Anglo-French) < Latin cultūra. See cult, -ure
Related forms
anticulture, noun
interculture, adjective
interculture, noun
multiculture, noun
nonculture, noun
preculture, noun
superculture, noun
Synonyms
4. See education.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for cultured
  • Then the team cultured the dividing eggs until they had formed structures called blastocysts, with a few dozen cells each.
  • Numerous bacterial and fungal species have been cultured from the mouths of alligators.
  • They injected both forms of the bacterium into mice and cultured their intestinal bacteria a few days later.
  • These so-called cluster tomatoes are cultured in hothouses for sale during seasons when field-grown crops aren't available.
  • People are altruistic because they are militaristic, and cultured because they are common.
  • It's built of cement blocks and faced with cultured stone.
  • The cells have already been cultured into heart, brain and bone tissue.
  • First, the bacteria is removed from the water sample and cultured.
  • Back in the lab, they cultured microbes from that mud.
  • The bacteria were cultured in laboratories, and protein extracts were used to make the vaccine.
British Dictionary definitions for cultured

cultured

/ˈkʌltʃəd/
adjective
1.
showing or having good taste, manners, upbringing, and education
2.
artificially grown or synthesized: cultured pearls
3.
(sport) of superior quality, as though the product of special training: a cultured left foot, a cultured backhand

culture

/ˈkʌltʃə/
noun
1.
the total of the inherited ideas, beliefs, values, and knowledge, which constitute the shared bases of social action
2.
the total range of activities and ideas of a group of people with shared traditions, which are transmitted and reinforced by members of the group: the Mayan culture
3.
a particular civilization at a particular period
4.
the artistic and social pursuits, expression, and tastes valued by a society or class, as in the arts, manners, dress, etc
5.
the enlightenment or refinement resulting from these pursuits
6.
the attitudes, feelings, values, and behaviour that characterize and inform society as a whole or any social group within it: yob culture
7.
the cultivation of plants, esp by scientific methods designed to improve stock or to produce new ones
8.
(stockbreeding) the rearing and breeding of animals, esp with a view to improving the strain
9.
the act or practice of tilling or cultivating the soil
10.
(biology)
  1. the experimental growth of microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi, in a nutrient substance (culture medium), usually under controlled conditions See also culture medium
  2. a group of microorganisms grown in this way
verb (transitive)
11.
to cultivate (plants or animals)
12.
to grow (microorganisms) in a culture medium
Derived Forms
culturist, noun
cultureless, adjective
Word Origin
C15: from Old French, from Latin cultūra a cultivating, from colere to till; see cult
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cultured
adj.

1743 in the literal sense of "cultivated," of land, etc., past participle adjective from culture; meaning "developed under controlled natural conditions" is from 1906, originally of pearls. Meaning "improved by exposure to intellectual culture" is from 1777.

culture

n.

mid-15c., "the tilling of land," from Middle French culture and directly from Latin cultura "a cultivating, agriculture," figuratively "care, culture, an honoring," from past participle stem of colere "tend, guard, cultivate, till" (see cult). The figurative sense of "cultivation through education" is first attested c.1500. Meaning "the intellectual side of civilization" is from 1805; that of "collective customs and achievements of a people" is from 1867.

For without culture or holiness, which are always the gift of a very few, a man may renounce wealth or any other external thing, but he cannot renounce hatred, envy, jealousy, revenge. Culture is the sanctity of the intellect. [William Butler Yeats]
Slang culture vulture is from 1947. Culture shock first recorded 1940.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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cultured in Medicine

culture cul·ture (kŭl'chər)
n.

  1. The growing of microorganisms, tissue cells, or other living matter in a specially prepared nutrient medium.

  2. Such a growth or colony, as of bacteria.

v. cul·tured, cul·tur·ing, cul·tures
  1. To grow microorganisms or other living matter in a specially prepared nutrient medium.

  2. To use a substance as a medium for culture.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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cultured in Science
culture
  (kŭl'chər)   
Noun  
  1. A growth of microorganisms, viruses, or tissue cells in a specially prepared nutrient medium under supervised conditions.

  2. The totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought. Culture is learned and shared within social groups and is transmitted by nongenetic means.


Verb  To grow microorganisms, viruses, or tissue cells in a nutrient medium.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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cultured in Culture

culture definition


The sum of attitudes, customs, and beliefs that distinguishes one group of people from another. Culture is transmitted, through language, material objects, ritual, institutions, and art, from one generation to the next.

Note: Anthropologists consider that the requirements for culture (language use, tool making, and conscious regulation of sex) are essential features that distinguish humans from other animals.
Note: Culture also refers to refined music, art, and literature; one who is well versed in these subjects is considered “cultured.”
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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