a person who believes that only selfishness motivates human actions and who disbelieves in or minimizes selfless acts or disinterested points of view.
(initial capital letter) one of a sect of Greek philosophers, 4th century b.c., who advocated the doctrines that virtue is the only good, that the essence of virtue is self-control, and that surrender to any external influence is beneath human dignity.
a person who shows or expresses a bitterly or sneeringly cynical attitude.
(initial capital letter) . Also, Cynical. of or pertaining to the Cynics or their doctrines.
Medicine/Medical Now Rare. resembling the actions of a snarling dog.

1540–50; < Latin Cynicus < Greek Kynikós Cynic, literally, doglike, currish, equivalent to kyn- (stem of kýōn) dog + -ikos - ic

anticynic, noun, adjective

cynic, optimist, pessimist, skeptic.

1, 3. skeptic, pessimist, misanthrope. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
cynic (ˈsɪnɪk)
1.  a person who believes the worst about people or the outcome of events
2.  a less common word for cynical
3.  astronomy of or relating to Sirius, the Dog Star
[C16: via Latin from Greek Kunikos, from kuōn dog]

Cynic (ˈsɪnɪk)
a member of a sect founded by Antisthenes that scorned worldly things and held that self-control was the key to the only good

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

mid-16c., from Gk. kynikos, lit. "dog-like," from kyon (gen. kynos) "dog." Supposedly from the sneering sarcasm of the philosophers, but more likely from Kynosarge "Grey Dog," name of the gymnasium in ancient Athens where the founder, Antisthenes (a pupil of Socrates), taught. Diogenes was the most
famous. Popular association even in ancient times was "dog-like." For nuances of usage of cynicism, see humor.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Nor is he a cynic in the sense of being meanly hardened.
But it is preferable for psychology to speak the truth, rather than that this
  task should be left to the cynic.
He famously said that a cynic is someone who knows the price of everything and
  the value you of nothing.
Don't call me a cynic, you sunny fresh-start enthusiasts.
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