dam

1 [dam]
noun
1.
a barrier to obstruct the flow of water, especially one of earth, masonry, etc., built across a stream or river.
2.
a body of water confined by a dam.
3.
any barrier resembling a dam.
verb (used with object), dammed, damming.
4.
to furnish with a dam; obstruct or confine with a dam.
5.
to stop up; block up.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English < Middle Dutch, Middle Low German, dam; akin to Old English for-demman to stop up, block


5. impede, clog, check, choke.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
dam1 (dæm)
 
n
1.  a barrier of concrete, earth, etc, built across a river to create a body of water for a hydroelectric power station, domestic water supply, etc
2.  a reservoir of water created by such a barrier
3.  something that resembles or functions as a dam
 
vb (often foll by up) , dams, damming, dammed
4.  to obstruct or restrict by or as if by a dam
 
[C12: probably from Middle Low German; compare Old Icelandic damma to block up]

dam2 (dæm)
 
n
the female parent of an animal, esp of domestic livestock
 
[C13: variant of dame]

dam3 (dæm)
 
interj, —adv, —adj
(often used in combination) damn damn damn a variant spelling of damn : damfool; dammit

dam4
 
symbol for
decametre(s)

Dam (Danish dam)
 
n
(Carl Peter) Henrik (ˈhɛnrəɡ). 1895--1976, Danish biochemist who discovered vitamin K (1934): Nobel prize for physiology or medicine 1943

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

dam
"water barrier," early 14c., probably from O.N. dammr or M.Du. dam, both from P.Gmc. *dammaz, of unknown origin.

dam
"animal mother," c.1300, variant of dame (q.v.), also originally used, like that word, for "lady, mother;" but meanings diverged into separate spellings by 16c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

dam (dām)
n.
A barrier against the passage of liquid or loose material, especially a rubber sheet used in dentistry to isolate one or more teeth from the rest of the mouth.

Dam (dām, däm), (Carl Peter) Henrik. 1895-1976.

Danish biochemist. He shared a 1943 Nobel Prize for the discovery of vitamin K.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
dam
decameter
DAM
  1. diacetylmonoxime

  2. divorced Asian male

The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Lacustrine wetlands are found in depressions or dammed river channels with deep water and few plants.
The creek has been dammed, but two natural preserves have been established in the creek corridor.
Most of the low-elevation lakes are the remnants of long glacial valleys dammed at their outlets by end moraines.
Waters dammed by the landslide quickly flooded two vehicles traveling on the highway, leading to dramatic rescues.
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