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Denotation vs. Connotation

doom

[doom] /dum/
noun
1.
fate or destiny, especially adverse fate; unavoidable ill fortune:
In exile and poverty, he met his doom.
2.
ruin; death:
to fall to one's doom.
3.
a judgment, decision, or sentence, especially an unfavorable one:
The judge pronounced the defendant's doom.
4.
the Last Judgment, at the end of the world.
5.
Obsolete. a statute, enactment, or legal judgment.
verb (used with object)
6.
to destine, especially to an adverse fate.
7.
to pronounce judgment against; condemn.
8.
to ordain or fix as a sentence or fate.
Origin of doom
900
before 900; Middle English dome, dōm, Old English dōm judgment, law; cognate with Old Norse dōmr, Gothic dōms; compare Sanskrit dhā́man, Greek thémis law; see do1, deem
Related forms
doomy, adjective
predoom, verb (used with object)
self-doomed, adjective
Synonyms
1. See fate. 3. condemnation. 6. predestine.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for doomed

doom

/duːm/
noun
1.
death or a terrible fate
2.
a judgment or decision
3.
(sometimes capital) another term for the Last Judgment
verb
4.
(transitive) to destine or condemn to death or a terrible fate
Word Origin
Old English dōm; related to Old Norse dōmr judgment, Gothic dōms sentence, Old High German tuom condition, Greek thomos crowd, Sanskrit dhāman custom; see do1, deem, deed, -dom
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for doomed

doom

n.

Old English dom "law, judgment, condemnation," from Proto-Germanic *domaz (cf. Old Saxon and Old Frisian dom, Old Norse domr, Old High German tuom, Gothic doms "judgment, decree"), from PIE root *dhe- (cf. Sanskrit dhaman- "law," Greek themis "law," Lithuanian dome "attention"), literally "to set, put" (see factitious). A book of laws in Old English was a dombec. Modern sense of "fate, ruin, destruction" is c.1600, from the finality of the Christian Judgment Day.

v.

late 14c., from doom (n.). Related: Doomed; dooming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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