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despairing

[dih-spair-ing] /dɪˈspɛər ɪŋ/
adjective
1.
given to despair or hopelessness.
2.
indicating despair:
a despairing look.
Origin of despairing
1585-1595
1585-95; despair + -ing2
Related forms
despairingly, adverb
undespairing, adjective
undespairingly, adverb
Synonyms
1. See hopeless.
Antonyms
1. hopeful.

despair

[dih-spair] /dɪˈspɛər/
noun
1.
loss of hope; hopelessness.
2.
someone or something that causes hopelessness:
He is the despair of his mother.
verb (used without object)
3.
to lose, give up, or be without hope (often followed by of):
to despair of humanity.
verb (used with object)
4.
Obsolete. to give up hope of.
Origin
1275-1325; Middle English despeir (noun), despeiren (v.) < Anglo-French despeir, Old French despoir (noun), despeir-, tonic stem of desperer (v.) < Latin dēspērāre to be without hope, equivalent to dē- de- + spērāre to hope, derivative of spēs hope
Related forms
despairer, noun
self-despair, noun
undespaired, adjective
Synonyms
1. gloom, disheartenment. Despair, desperation, despondency, discouragement, hopelessness refer to a state of mind caused by circumstances that seem too much to cope with. Despair suggests total loss of hope, which may be passive or may drive one to furious efforts, even if at random: in the depths of despair; courage born of despair. Desperation is usually an active state, the abandonment of hope impelling to a furious struggle against adverse circumstances, with utter disregard of consequences: an act of desperation when everything else had failed. Despondency is a state of deep gloom and disheartenment: a spell of despondency. Discouragement is a loss of courage, hope, and ambition because of obstacles, frustrations, etc.: His optimism yielded to discouragement. Hopelessness is a loss of hope so complete as to result in a more or less permanent state of passive despair: a state of hopelessness and apathy.
Antonyms
1. hope.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for despairing
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • But the efforts of the despairing Indians were fruitless, and they were driven back with heavy losses.

  • He is always making his enemies sick with despairing jealousy.

    The Grand Old Man Richard B. Cook
  • Meanwhile, the American swinging about like a drunken man, seemed in a despairing state.

    The Treasure of Pearls Gustave Aimard
  • The despairing passion of her last kisses had thrilled him through and through.

  • His dim eyes were cast tenderly on her despairing countenance, and pressing gently her clammy hand, he breathed his last.

    Gomez Arias Joaqun Telesforo de Trueba y Coso
British Dictionary definitions for despairing

despairing

/dɪˈspɛərɪŋ/
adjective
1.
marked by or resulting from despair; hopeless or desperate
Derived Forms
despairingly, adverb

despair

/dɪˈspɛə/
verb
1.
(intransitive) often foll by of. to lose or give up hope: I despair of his coming
2.
(transitive) (obsolete) to give up hope of; lose hope in
noun
3.
total loss of hope
4.
a person or thing that causes hopelessness or for which there is no hope
Word Origin
C14: from Old French despoir hopelessness, from desperer to despair, from Latin dēspērāre, from de- + spērāre to hope
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for despairing

despair

v.

early 14c., from stem of Old French desperer "be dismayed, lose hope, despair," from Latin desperare "to despair, to lose all hope," from de- "without" + sperare "to hope," from spes "hope" (see speed). Related: Despaired; despairing; despairingly.

n.

c.1300, from Anglo-French despeir, Old French despoir, from desperer (see despair (v.)). Replaced native wanhope.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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