the doctrine that all facts and events exemplify natural laws.
the doctrine that all events, including human choices and decisions, have sufficient causes.

1840–50; determine + -ism

determinist, noun, adjective
deterministic, adjective
deterministically, adverb
nondeterminist, noun, adjective
nondeterministic, adjective
semideterministic, adjective

determinism, fatalism, necessitarianism. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
determinism (dɪˈtɜːmɪˌnɪzəm)
1.  Compare free will Also called: necessitarianism the philosophical doctrine that all events including human actions and choices are fully determined by preceding events and states of affairs, and so that freedom of choice is illusory
2.  the scientific doctrine that all occurrences in nature take place in accordance with natural laws
3.  the principle in classical mechanics that the values of dynamic variables of a system and of the forces acting on the system at a given time, completely determine the values of the variables at any later time
n, —adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1846, in theology (lack of free will); 1876 in general sense of "doctrine that everything happens by a necessary causation," from Fr. déterminisme, from Ger. Determinismus, probably a back formation from Praedeterminismus (see determine).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

determinism de·ter·min·ism (dĭ-tûr'mə-nĭz'əm)
The philosophical doctrine that every event, act, and decision is the inevitable consequence of antecedents, such as genetic and environmental influences, that are independent of the human will.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

determinism definition

In ethics, the view that human actions are entirely controlled by previous conditions, operating under laws of nature. Determinism is often understood as ruling out free will.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The first involves the fear that genetic determinism cheapens human volition.
If there are indeed many identical copies of you, the traditional notion of
  determinism evaporates.
There is a kind of technological determinism to this.
The question of free will versus determinism has profound legal and moral
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