This disease occurs in two forms—diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus.
Persistent furunculosis is not infrequent in diabetes mellitus.
On the other hand, diabetes mellitus is a disease in which the expectant plan is dangerous.
As examples of the first class are diabetes mellitus and cirrhosis of the liver.
diabetes mellitus is the disease to which the term is most commonly applied, and is by far the more serious and important ailment.
Glucose, so characteristic of diabetes mellitus, is not difficult of detection or estimation.
diabetes mellitus is frequently due to beer-drinking, and is made much worse by its continuance.
It is usually much increased in chronic interstitial nephritis, diabetes insipidus, and diabetes mellitus.
It is employed for sweetening purposes in cases of diabetes mellitus, where physicians advise against the use of sugar.
In the case of diabetes mellitus, the amount of sugar in the ration must be materially reduced.
1560s, from medical Latin diabetes, from late Greek diabetes "excessive discharge of urine" (so named by Aretaeus the Cappadocian, physician of Alexandria, 2c.), literally "a passer-through, siphon," from diabainein "to pass through," from dia- "through" (see dia-) + bainein "to go" (see come).
An old common native name for it was pissing evil. In classical Greek, diabainein meant "to stand or walk with the legs apart," and diabetes meant "a drafting compass," from the position of the legs.
diabetes mellitus diabetes mel·li·tus (mə-lī'təs, měl'ĭ-)
A severe, chronic form of diabetes caused by insufficient production of insulin and resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. The disease typically appears in childhood or adolescence and is characterized by increased sugar levels in the blood and urine, excessive thirst, frequent urination, acidosis, and wasting. Also called insulin-dependent diabetes, type I diabetes.
A mild form of diabetes that typically appears first in adulthood and is exacerbated by obesity and an inactive lifestyle. This disease often has no symptoms, is usually diagnosed by tests that indicate glucose intolerance, and is treated with changes in diet and an exercise regimen. Also called adult-onset diabetes, late-onset diabetes, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, type II diabetes.
diabetes di·a·be·tes (dī'ə-bē'tĭs, -tēz)
Any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive discharge of urine and persistent thirst, especially one of the two types of diabetes mellitus.
|diabetes mellitus |
A metabolic disease characterized by abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood, caused by an inherited inability to produce insulin (Type 1) or an acquired resistance to insulin (Type 2). Type 1 diabetes, which typically appears in childhood or adolescence, is marked by excessive thirst, frequent urination, and weight loss and requires treatment with insulin injections. Type 2 diabetes appears during adulthood, usually in overweight or elderly individuals, and is treated with oral medication or insulin. People with either type of diabetes benefit from dietary restriction of sugars and other carbohydrates. Uncontrolled blood glucose levels increase the risk for long-term medical complications including peripheral nerve disease, retinal damage, kidney disease, and progressive atherosclerosis caused by damage to endothelial cells in blood vessels, leading to coronary artery disease and peripheral vascular disease.
A chronic disease in which carbohydrates cannot be metabolized properly (see metabolism) because the pancreas fails to secrete an adequate amount of insulin. Without enough insulin, carbohydrate metabolism is upset, and levels of sugar in the blood rise.