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disability

[dis-uh-bil-i-tee] /ˌdɪs əˈbɪl ɪ ti/
noun, plural disabilities for 2.
1.
lack of adequate power, strength, or physical or mental ability; incapacity.
2.
a physical or mental handicap, especially one that prevents a person from living a full, normal life or from holding a gainful job.
3.
anything that disables or puts one at a disadvantage:
His mere six-foot height will be a disability in professional basketball.
4.
the state or condition of being disabled.
5.
legal incapacity; legal disqualification.
Origin
1570-1580
1570-80; dis-1 + ability
Synonyms
1. disqualification, incompetence, incapability, impotence. Disability, inability imply a lack of power or ability. A disability is some disqualifying deprivation or loss of power, physical or other: excused because of a physical disability; a temporary disability. Inability is a lack of ability, usually because of an inherent lack of talent, power, etc.: inability to talk, to do well in higher mathematics.
Antonyms
1. ability, capacity.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for disabilities
  • Dogs respond well when they are trained to help people with disabilities.
  • Of the four people who participated in the study, two had severe physical disabilities.
  • Two volunteers in the kitchen of the daycare center for children with disabilities.
  • More important, elders living in this lush subtropical archipelago tend to enjoy years free from disabilities.
  • Some physical and some mental disabilities seem to have combined to alloy and hamper his idiosyncrasy.
  • Exposure to pesticides in womb linked to learning disabilities.
  • There is so much need out there that helping people with disabilities is becoming my calling.
  • The hotel also offers handicap-accessible rooms for guests with physical disabilities.
  • Studies has shown that people with various disabilities have problems with them.
  • Kind of pathetic that you try to compensate for your intellectual disabilities with idiotic comments.
British Dictionary definitions for disabilities

disability

/ˌdɪsəˈbɪlɪtɪ/
noun (pl) -ties
1.
the condition of being unable to perform a task or function because of a physical or mental impairment
2.
something that disables; handicap
3.
lack of necessary intelligence, strength, etc
4.
an incapacity in the eyes of the law to enter into certain transactions
Usage note
Many deaf and hard of hearing people object to the use of the phrase hearing disability
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for disabilities

disability

n.

1570s, "want of ability;" see dis- + ability. Related: Disabilities.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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disabilities in Medicine

disability dis·a·bil·i·ty (dĭs'ə-bĭl'ĭ-tē)
n.
A disadvantage or deficiency, especially a physical or mental impairment that prevents or restricts normal achievement.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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15
17
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