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dismay

[dis-mey] /dɪsˈmeɪ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to break down the courage of completely, as by sudden danger or trouble; dishearten thoroughly; daunt:
The surprise attack dismayed the enemy.
2.
to surprise in such a manner as to disillusion:
She was dismayed to learn of their disloyalty.
3.
to alarm; perturb:
The new law dismayed some of the more conservative politicians.
noun
4.
sudden or complete loss of courage; utter disheartenment.
5.
sudden disillusionment.
6.
agitation of mind; perturbation; alarm.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English desmay (noun), de(s)mayen, dismayen (v.) < presumed AF alteration, by prefix change, of Old French esmaier to trouble, frighten < Vulgar Latin *exmagāre to disable, deprive of strength, equivalent to ex- ex- + *magāre < Germanic *magan to be able to; see may1
Related forms
dismayedness
[dis-meyd-nis, -mey-id-] /dɪsˈmeɪd nɪs, -ˈmeɪ ɪd-/ (Show IPA),
noun
dismayingly, adverb
undismayed, adjective
Synonyms
1. appall, terrify, frighten, scare, intimidate, disconcert. See discourage. 4. consternation, terror, panic, horror, fear.
Antonyms
1. hearten. 4. confidence.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for dismayed
  • Higher education's current rush to exposure has both startled and dismayed me.
  • He turned to look at the five witnesses and was dismayed to see the glum expressions on the faces of the stoic islanders.
  • dismayed and exhausted, they had stopped yelling frantically for help.
  • Those who have regained their service are dismayed to find their data deleted.
  • But environmental groups and organic farmers were dismayed by the decision.
  • He was dismayed at the blank stares he received in the spring when.
  • He put on a brave face, but must have been utterly dismayed.
  • The team hurries out, and is dismayed by what they find.
  • Some parents were so dismayed they started impatiently correcting their children mid-test.
  • Many other ecologists, however, were dismayed by the essay.
British Dictionary definitions for dismayed

dismay

/dɪsˈmeɪ/
verb (transitive)
1.
to fill with apprehension or alarm
2.
to fill with depression or discouragement
noun
3.
consternation or agitation
Derived Forms
dismaying, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French desmaiier (unattested), from des-dis-1 + esmayer to frighten, ultimately of Germanic origin; see may1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for dismayed

dismay

v.

late 13c., dismaien, from Old French *desmaier (attested only in past participle dismaye), from Latin de- intensive prefix + Old French esmaier "to trouble, disturb," from Vulgar Latin *exmagare "divest of power or ability" (source of Italian smagare "to weaken, dismay, discourage"), from ex- (see ex-) + Germanic stem *mag- "power, ability" (cf. Old High German magen "to be powerful or able;" see may (v.)). Spanish desmayer "to be dispirited" is a loan word from Old French. Related: Dismayed; dismaying.

n.

c.1300, from dismay (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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