the predominant or prevailing tendency of one's spirits; natural mental and emotional outlook or mood; characteristic attitude: a girl with a pleasant disposition.
state of mind regarding something; inclination: a disposition to gamble.
physical inclination or tendency: the disposition of ice to melt when heated.
arrangement or placing, as of troops or buildings.
final settlement of a matter.
bestowal, as by gift or sale.
power to make decisions about or dispose of a thing; control: funds at one's disposition.
regulation; management; dispensation: the disposition of God.

1325–75; Middle English disposicioun (< Anglo-French) < Latin dispositiōn- (stem of dispositiō), equivalent to disposit(us) (past participle of dispōnere to distribute; dispos- (see dispose) + -itus past participle suffix) + -iōn- -ion

dispositional, adjective
redisposition, noun

1. nature, character, humor. Disposition, temper, temperament refer to the aspects and habits of mind and emotion that one displays over a length of time. Disposition is the natural or prevailing aspect of one's mind as shown in behavior and in relationships with others: a happy disposition; a selfish disposition. Temper sometimes denotes the essential quality of one's nature: a glacial temper; usually it has to do with propensity toward anger: an even temper; a quick or hot temper. Temperament refers to the particular balance of emotions determining a person's character: an artistic temperament. 2. bent, tendency, predisposition, proclivity. 4. order, grouping, location, placement. 5. outcome, result. 7. control, direction.

2. unwillingness.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
disposition (ˌdɪspəˈzɪʃən)
1.  a person's usual temperament or frame of mind
2.  a natural or acquired tendency, inclination, or habit in a person or thing
3.  disposal disposal disposal another word for disposal
4.  philosophy, logic Compare occurrent a property that consists not in the present state of an object, but in its propensity to change in a certain way under certain conditions, as brittleness which consists in the propensity to break when struck
5.  archaic manner of placing or arranging

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., "ordering, management," also "tendency of mind," from Fr. disposition (12c.), from L. dispositionem (nom. dispositio), noun of action from dispositus, pp. of disponere "to set in different places," from dis- + ponere "to place" (see
position). Associated in O.Fr. with dispose and thus in English. References to "temperament" are from astrological use of the word for "position of a planet as a determining influence."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Past work has demonstrated that, similar to behavioral mimicry, contagious yawners tend to be higher in dispositional empathy.
Dispositional self-efficacy as a personal resource factor in coping after surgery.
The dispositional hearing shall not be held more than ninety days after the date on which the complaint in the case was filed.
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