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dividend

[div-i-dend] /ˈdɪv ɪˌdɛnd/
noun
1.
Mathematics. a number that is to be divided by a divisor.
2.
Law. a sum out of an insolvent estate paid to creditors.
3.
Finance.
  1. a pro-rata share in an amount to be distributed.
  2. a sum of money paid to shareholders of a corporation out of earnings.
4.
Insurance. (in participating insurance) a distribution to a policyholder of a portion of the premium not needed by the company to pay claims or to meet expenses.
5.
a share of anything divided.
6.
anything received as a bonus, reward, or in addition to or beyond what is expected:
Swimming is fun, and gives you the dividend of better health.
Origin of dividend
1470-1480
1470-80; < Latin dīvidendum thing to be divided, neuter gerund of dīvidere to divide
Related forms
superdividend, noun
Synonyms
5. allotment, portion.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for dividend

dividend

/ˈdɪvɪˌdɛnd/
noun
1.
(finance)
  1. a distribution from the net profits of a company to its shareholders
  2. a pro-rata portion of this distribution received by a shareholder
2.
the share of a cooperative society's surplus allocated at the end of a period to members
3.
(insurance) a sum of money distributed from a company's net profits to the holders of certain policies
4.
something extra; bonus
5.
a number or quantity to be divided by another number or quantity Compare divisor
6.
(law) the proportion of an insolvent estate payable to the creditors
Word Origin
C15: from Latin dīvidendum what is to be divided; see divide
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for dividend
n.

late 15c., from Middle French dividende "a number divided by another," from Latin dividendum "thing to be divided," neuter gerundive of dividere (see divide). Mathematical sense is from 1540s. Meaning "portion of interest on a loan, stock, etc." is from 1620s. Related: Dividends.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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dividend in Science
dividend
  (dĭv'ĭ-děnd')   
A number divided by another. In the equation 15 ÷ 3 = 5, 15 is the dividend.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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dividend in Culture

dividend definition


A payment to the stockholders of a corporation from the corporation's earnings.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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