dolmen

[dohl-men, -muhn, dol-]
noun Archaeology.
a structure usually regarded as a tomb, consisting of two or more large, upright stones set with a space between and capped by a horizontal stone.
Also called portal tomb.
Compare chamber tomb.


Origin:
1855–60; < French < Cornish, lenited form of tolmen hole of stone (taken by French archeologists to mean cromlech)

dolmenic [dohl-men-ik, dol-] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
dolmen (ˈdɒlmɛn)
 
n
1.  (in British archaeology) a Neolithic stone formation, consisting of a horizontal stone supported by several vertical stones, and thought to be a tomb
2.  (in French archaeology) any megalithic tomb
 
[C19: from French, probably from Old Breton tol table, from Latin tabula board + Breton mēn stone, of Celtic origin; see table]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

dolmen
1859, from Fr. dolmin applied 1796 by Fr. archaeologist Latour d'Auvergne, perhaps from Cornish tolmen "enormous stone slab set up on supporting points," such that a man may walk under it, lit. "hole of stone," from Celt. men "stone." Some suggest the first element may be Bret. taol "table," a loan-word
from L. tabula "board, plank," but the Bret. form of this compound would be taolvean. "There is reason to think that this [tolmen] is the word inexactly reproduced by Latour d'Auvergne as dolmin, and misapplied by him and succeeding Fr. archaeologists to the cromlech" [OED]. See cromlech, which is properly an upright flat stone, often arranged as one of a circle.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The chapel incorporates stone thought to be the remains of prehistoric dolmen.
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