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drupe

[droop] /drup/
noun, Botany
1.
any fruit, as a peach, cherry, plum, etc., consisting of an outer skin, a usually pulpy and succulent middle layer, and a hard and woody inner shell usually enclosing a single seed.
Origin
1745-1755
1745-55; < Latin drūpa, druppa overripe olive < Greek drýppa olive
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for drupe
  • Each flower forms a fruit, called a drupe, that bears a single seed.
  • The fruit is thick and fleshy consisting of a one-seeded drupe that has a bony pit.
  • The fruit produced by pistachio trees is a semi-dry drupe, similar to the fruit of an almond tree.
  • The fruit is an oblong drupe, bright green in summer and brilliant scarlet in autumn.
British Dictionary definitions for drupe

drupe

/druːp/
noun
1.
an indehiscent fruit consisting of outer epicarp, fleshy or fibrous mesocarp, and stony endocarp enclosing a single seed, as in the peach, plum, and cherry
Derived Forms
drupaceous (druːˈpeɪʃəs) adjective
Word Origin
C18: from Latin druppa wrinkled overripe olive, from Greek: olive
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for drupe
n.

1753, from Modern Latin drupa "stone-fruit," from Latin drupa (oliva) "wrinkled olive," from Greek dryppa, short for drypepes "tree-ripened," from drys "tree" + pepon "ripe" (see pumpkin).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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drupe in Science
drupe
  (drp)   
A simple fruit derived from a single carpel. A drupe usually contains a single seed enclosed by a hardened endocarp, which often adheres closely to the seed within. In peaches, plums, cherries, and olives, a fleshy edible mesocarp surrounds the endocarp (the pit or stone). In the coconut, a fibrous mesocarp (the husk) surrounds the endocarp (the shell), while the white edible portion is the endosperm. Compare berry, pome. See more at simple fruit.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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