9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[ef-i-jee] /ˈɛf ɪ dʒi/
noun, plural effigies.
a representation or image, especially sculptured, as on a monument.
a crude representation of someone disliked, used for purposes of ridicule.
in effigy, in public view in the form of an effigy:
a leader hanged in effigy by the mob.
Origin of effigy
1530-40; (< Middle French) < Latin effigia, equivalent to effig- (ef- ef- + fig- shape, form; see figure) + -ia -y3
Related forms
[ih-fij-ee-uh l] /ɪˈfɪdʒ i əl/ (Show IPA),
adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for effigy
  • After his death, she solicited donations of mannequins on a radio show so an effigy could be fashioned.
  • Walk along the footpath and experience the mystery and power of this effigy.
  • The highlight will occur at dusk with the destruction of the effigy.
  • At the end of the week, a 40-foot wooden effigy is set aflame—the burning man.
  • His relations gave a funeral banquet and solemnly burnt the effigy.
  • He remembers that only a month ago, after a humiliating defeat, fans now loud in their praises hanged him in effigy.
  • In some places an effigy representing a witch used to be burnt in the bonfire.
  • The party moved on to watch the main event of the festival: the burning of an effigy shaped like a man.
  • Celia is moved to torch a small effigy of her father.
  • Many of these illegal traders operated in the fur-rich region near the effigy mounds.
British Dictionary definitions for effigy


noun (pl) -gies
a portrait of a person, esp as a monument or architectural decoration
a crude representation of someone, used as a focus for contempt or ridicule and often hung up or burnt in public (often in the phrases burn or hang in effigy)
Derived Forms
effigial (ɪˈfɪdʒɪəl) adjective
Word Origin
C18: from Latin effigiēs, from effingere to form, portray, from fingere to shape
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for effigy

1530s, "image of a person," from Middle French effigie (13c.), from Latin effigies "copy or imitation of something, likeness," from or related to effingere "mold, fashion, portray," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + fingere "to form, shape" (see fiction). The Latin word was regarded as plural and the -s was lopped off by 18c. Specifically associated with burning, hanging, etc., at least since 1670s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with effigy


see: in effigy
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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