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eland

[ee-luh nd] /ˈi lənd/
noun, plural elands (especially collectively) eland.
1.
either of two large African antelopes of the genus Taurotragus, having long, spirally twisted horns: now rare.
Origin
early modern German
1780-1790
1780-90; < Afrikaans < Dutch eland elk (Middle Dutch elen, elant) < early modern German Elen(d), probably < Lithuanian éllenis (now élnis; akin to OCS jelenĭ stag) or an OPruss equivalent; akin to elk
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for eland
  • Locally extinct animals include eland, kudu, oryx and the wild dog.
British Dictionary definitions for eland

eland

/ˈiːlənd/
noun
1.
a large spiral-horned antelope, Taurotragus oryx, inhabiting bushland in eastern and southern Africa. It has a dewlap and a hump on the shoulders and is light brown with vertical white stripes
2.
giant eland, a similar but larger animal, T. derbianus, living in wooded areas of central and W Africa
Word Origin
C18: via Afrikaans from Dutch eland elk; related to Old Slavonic jeleni stag, Greek ellos fawn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for eland
n.

"large South African antelope," 1786, from Dutch eland "elk," from a Baltic source akin to Lithuanian elnias "deer," from PIE *el- "red, brown" (see elk), cognate with first element in Greek Elaphebolion, name of the ninth month of the Attic year (corresponding to late March-early April), literally "deer-hunting (month)." Borrowed earlier as ellan (1610s, via French), ellend, from the German form of the word.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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