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[ee-luh nd] /ˈi lənd/
noun, plural elands (especially collectively) eland.
either of two large African antelopes of the genus Taurotragus, having long, spirally twisted horns: now rare.
Origin of eland
early modern German
1780-90; < Afrikaans < Dutch eland elk (Middle Dutch elen, elant) < early modern German Elen(d), probably < Lithuanian éllenis (now élnis; akin to OCS jelenĭ stag) or an OPruss equivalent; akin to elk Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for eland
Historical Examples
  • In his free hand he carried an eland's tail fitted as a fly-whisk, with an ivory and ebony handle.

  • Of all antelopes the “eland,” or “caana” (Antelope oreas) is the largest.

    The Bush Boys Captain Mayne Reid
  • The eland is as big as a bull, with spiral horns and beautifully marked skin, and both the male and female carry horns.

    In Africa John T. McCutcheon
  • Whereas he could save all this trouble by driving the eland to camp; and this was his design.

    The Bush Boys Captain Mayne Reid
  • Troops of eland crossed their path now and then, and occasionally a herd of koodoo.

  • Speculative Bushmen seem to have been puzzled to account for the wildness of the eland.

  • The eland is one of those antelopes that appear to be independent of water.

    The Bush Boys Captain Mayne Reid
  • A trio of hyenas was also waiting silently for the eland to die.

    The Forest of Mystery James H. Foster
  • But scarcely had the cloud of smoke lifted when the explorers saw something else making for the body of the eland.

    The Forest of Mystery James H. Foster
  • And do you suppose she will get your doll's cloak done in time for your call on Mrs. eland?

British Dictionary definitions for eland


a large spiral-horned antelope, Taurotragus oryx, inhabiting bushland in eastern and southern Africa. It has a dewlap and a hump on the shoulders and is light brown with vertical white stripes
giant eland, a similar but larger animal, T. derbianus, living in wooded areas of central and W Africa
Word Origin
C18: via Afrikaans from Dutch eland elk; related to Old Slavonic jeleni stag, Greek ellos fawn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for eland

"large South African antelope," 1786, from Dutch eland "elk," from a Baltic source akin to Lithuanian elnias "deer," from PIE *el- "red, brown" (see elk), cognate with first element in Greek Elaphebolion, name of the ninth month of the Attic year (corresponding to late March-early April), literally "deer-hunting (month)." Borrowed earlier as ellan (1610s, via French), ellend, from the German form of the word.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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