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electrophoresis

[ih-lek-troh-fuh-ree-sis] /ɪˌlɛk troʊ fəˈri sɪs/
noun
1.
Also called cataphoresis. Physical Chemistry. the motion of colloidal particles suspended in a fluid medium, due to the influence of an electric field on the medium.
2.
Biology. this technique, applied to sorting proteins according to their responses to an electric field.
Origin
1910-1915
1910-15; electro- + Greek phórēsis a being borne; see -phore, -sis
Related forms
electrophoretic
[ih-lek-troh-fuh-ret-ik] /ɪˌlɛk troʊ fəˈrɛt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for electrophoresis
  • He decided to create a cheaper version of the gel-electrophoresis box, a basic tool used in a wide range of experiments.
  • The technology employs electrophoresis: colored particles dispersed in a liquid that are controlled using an electric field.
  • The gel goes into a battery-operated electrophoresis chamber, where it's poked with a tool to make divots for the harvested genes.
British Dictionary definitions for electrophoresis

electrophoresis

/ɪˌlɛktrəʊfəˈriːsɪs/
noun
1.
the motion of charged particles in a colloid under the influence of an applied electric field Also called cataphoresis
Derived Forms
electrophoretic (ɪˌlɛktrəʊfəˈrɛtɪk) adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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electrophoresis in Medicine

electrophoresis e·lec·tro·pho·re·sis (ĭ-lěk'trō-fə-rē'sĭs)
n.

  1. The migration of charged colloidal particles or molecules through a solution under the influence of an applied electric field usually provided by immersed electrodes. Also called ionophoresis, phoresis.

  2. A method of separating substances, especially proteins, and analyzing molecular structure based on the rate of movement of each component in a colloidal suspension while under the influence of an electric field.


e·lec'tro·pho·ret'ic (-rět'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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electrophoresis in Science
electrophoresis
  (ĭ-lěk'trō-fə-rē'sĭs)   
The migration of electrically charged molecules through a fluid or gel under the influence of an electric field. Electrophoresis is used especially to separate combinations of compounds, such as fragments of DNA, for the purpose of studying their components.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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