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else

[els] /ɛls/
adjective
1.
other than the persons or things mentioned or implied:
What else could I have done?
2.
in addition to the persons or things mentioned or implied:
Who else was there?
3.
other or in addition (used in the possessive following an indefinite pronoun):
someone else's money.
adverb
4.
if not (usually preceded by or):
It's a macaw, or else I don't know birds.
5.
in some other way; otherwise:
How else could I have acted?
6.
at some other place or time:
Where else might I find this book?
Idioms
7.
or else, or suffer the consequences:
Do what I say, or else.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English, Old English elles (cognate with Old High German elles), equivalent to ell- other (cognate with Gothic aljis, Latin alius, Old Irish aile Greek állos, Armenian ayl other; cf. eldritch) + -es -s1
Usage note
The possessive forms of somebody else, everybody else, etc., are somebody else's, everybody else's, the forms somebody's else, everybody's else being considered nonstandard in present-day English. One exception is the possessive for who else, which is occasionally formed as whose else when a noun does not immediately follow: Is this book yours? Whose else could it be? No, it's somebody else's.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for else
  • Perry dropped any pretenses that their attacks were aimed at anyone else.
  • But being able to feel a bit better-off than someone else makes it a bit more bearable.
  • Ask students if they have ever lived somewhere else.
  • If one method fails, teachers consult with colleagues to try something else.
  • Remember, once you start your game, someone else will be looking for you as well.
  • If anyone else has been through this and has any suggestions of strategies that worked for them, please share.
  • There are more geysers in this park than anywhere else in the world.
  • They believe whole-heartedly only to be found incorrect by someone else.
  • One is descent with modification, that we're all related to everyone else.
  • Grilling gives the bird a really crisp, brown skin-plus it frees up your oven so you can cook everything else.
British Dictionary definitions for else

else

/ɛls/
determiner (postpositive; used after an indefinite pronoun or an interrogative)
1.
in addition; more: there is nobody else here
2.
other; different: where else could he be?
adverb
3.
or else
  1. if not, then: go away or else I won't finish my work today
  2. or something terrible will result: used as a threat: sit down, or else!
Word Origin
Old English elles, genitive of el- strange, foreign; related to Old High German eli- other, Gothic alja, Latin alius, Greek allos
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for else
adj.

Old English elles "other, otherwise, different," from Proto-Germanic *aljaz (cf. Gothic aljis "other," Old High German eli-lenti, Old English el-lende, both meaning "in a foreign land;" see also Alsace), an adverbial genitive of the neuter of PIE root *al- "beyond" (cf. Greek allos "other," Latin alius; see alias). Synonym of other, the nuances of usage are often arbitrary.

Productive of a number of handy compounds that somehow never got traction or have been suffered to fall from use: elsehow (1660s) "somehow or other;" elsewards (adv.), 1882, "somewhere else;" Old English elsewhat (pron.) " something else, anything else;" elsewhen (adv.), early 15c., "at another time; elsewhence (c.1600); elsewho (1540s). Among the survivors are elsewhere, elsewise.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for else

else

Related Terms

or else


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with else
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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