embolism

[em-buh-liz-uhm]
noun
1.
Pathology. the occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus.
2.
intercalation, as of a day in a year.
3.
a period of time intercalated.
4.
(in a Eucharistic service) the prayer following the final petitions of the Lord's Prayer.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin embolismus intercalation < Late Greek embolismós, equivalent to embol- (see embolus) + -ismos -ism

embolismic, adjective
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World English Dictionary
embolism (ˈɛmbəˌlɪzəm)
 
n
1.  the occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus
2.  botany the blocking of a xylem vessel by an air bubble
3.  the insertion of one or more days into a calendar, esp the Jewish calendar; intercalation
4.  RC Church a prayer inserted in the canon of the Mass between the Lord's Prayer and the breaking of the bread
5.  another name (not in technical use) for embolus
 
[C14: from Medieval Latin embolismus, from Late Greek embolismos intercalary; see embolus]
 
embo'lismic
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

embolism
late 14c., "intercalation of days into a calendar," from O.Fr. embolisme, from L.L. embolismus "insertion of days in a calendar to correct errors," from Gk. embolimos, embolme "insertion," or embolos "a plug, wedge." Medical sense of "obstruction of a blood vessel" is first recorded in Eng. 1855.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

embolism em·bo·lism (ěm'bə-lĭz'əm)
n.

  1. The obstruction or occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus.

  2. An embolus.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
embolism   (ěm'bə-lĭz'əm)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. A mass, such as an air bubble, detached blood clot, or foreign body, that travels in the bloodstream, lodges in a blood vessel, and obstructs or occludes it. Also called embolus.

  2. The obstruction or occlusion of a blood vessel by such a mass.


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Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

embolism definition


An obstruction or occlusion of a blood vessel by an air bubble, a detached blood clot, or a foreign body.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
He could have had a blood clot in the lung, called a pulmonary embolism.
The clot can quickly move to the lungs in a potentially fatal condition known as pulmonary embolism.
If the clot travels from the site where it formed to another location in the body it is called an embolism.
If a clot moves into an artery in the lungs, it can cause a pulmonary embolism.
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