en

[en]
noun
1.
the letter N, n.
2.
Also called nut. Printing. half of the width of an em.
adjective
3.
Printing. having the area of an en quad or the length of an en: en quad; en dash.

Origin:
1785–95

Dictionary.com Unabridged

en-

1
a prefix occurring originally in loanwords from French and productive in English on this model, forming verbs with the general sense “to cause (a person or thing) to be in” the place, condition, or state named by the stem; more specifically, “to confine in or place on” (enshrine; enthrone; entomb ); “to cause to be in” (enslave; entrust; enrich; encourage; endear ); “to restrict” in the manner named by the stem, typically with the additional sense “on all sides, completely” (enwind; encircle; enclose; entwine ). This prefix is also attached to verbs in order to make them transitive, or to give them a transitive marker if they are already transitive (enkindle; enliven; enshield; enface ).
Also, before labial consonants, em-1.
Compare be-, in-2.


Origin:
Middle English < Old French < Latin in- in-2

en-

2
a prefix meaning “within, in,” occurring in loanwords from Greek: energy; enthusiasm.
Also, before labial consonants, em-2.


Origin:
< Greek (often through L); cognate with in-1, in-2

-en

1
a suffix formerly used to form transitive and intransitive verbs from adjectives (fasten; harden; sweeten ), or from nouns (heighten; lengthen; strengthen ).

Origin:
Middle English, Old English -n- (as in Middle English fast-n-en, Old English fǣst-n-ian to make fast, fasten); cognate with -n- of like verbs in other Gmc languages (Old Norse fastna)

-en

2
a suffix used to form adjectives of source or material from nouns: ashen; golden; oaken.

Origin:
Middle English, Old English; cognate with Old High German -īn, Gothic -eins, Latin -īnus; see -ine1

-en

3
a suffix used to mark the past participle in many strong and some weak verbs: taken; proven.

Origin:
Middle English, Old English; cognate with German -en, Old Norse -inn

-en

4
a suffix used in forming the plural of some nouns: brethren; children; oxen.

Origin:
Middle English; Old English -an, case ending of n-stem nouns, as in naman oblique singular, and nominative and accusative plural of nama name; akin to n-stem forms in other IE languages, as in Latin nōmen, nōmin- name

-en

5
a diminutive suffix: kitten; maiden.

Origin:
Middle English, Old English, from neuter of -en2

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To en
Collins
World English Dictionary
en (ɛn)
 
n
printing See also ennage Also called: nut a unit of measurement, half the width of an em

EN
 
abbreviation for
1.  enrolled nurse
2.  English Nature

en- or em-1
 
prefix forming verbs and verbal derivatives
1.  (from nouns)
 a.  put in or on: entomb; enthrone
 b.  go on or into: enplane
 c.  surround or cover with: enmesh
 d.  furnish with: empower
2.  (from adjectives and nouns) cause to be in a certain condition: enable; encourage; enrich; enslave
 
[via Old French from Latin in-in-²]
 
em- or em-1
 
prefix forming verbs and verbal derivatives
 
[via Old French from Latin in-in-²]

en- or em-2
 
prefix forming verbs and verbal derivatives
in; into; inside: endemic
 
[from Greek (often via Latin); compare in-1, in-²]
 
em- or em-2
 
prefix forming verbs and verbal derivatives
 
[from Greek (often via Latin); compare in-1, in-²]

-en1
 
suffix forming verbs
cause to be; become; cause to have: blacken; heighten
 
[Old English -n-, as in fæst-n-ian to fasten, of common Germanic origin; compare Icelandic fastna]

-en2
 
suffix forming adjectives
of; made of; resembling: ashen; earthen; wooden
 
[Old English -en; related to Gothic -eins, Latin -īnus-ine1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

en-
prefix meaning "cause to be, make" (endear); "put in or on" (encircle); from O.Fr. en-, from L. in- "in, into." Also used as an intensive (enclose). Spelling variants in O.Fr. brought over into M.E. account for parallels such as assure/insure/ensure. Many words beginning with en- in Mod.Eng. are transparent
(enforce, etc.) and etymologies can be found in listings for their stems. Words listed here include those whose unprefixed form is not an obvious word in Eng. (encroach) or whose meaning has drifted significantly (engrain).

-en
suffix forming verbs (e.g. darken, weaken), from adjectives or from nouns, from O.E. -nian, from P.Gmc. *-inojan. Mostly active in M.E.

-en
suffix added to nouns to produce adjectives meaning made of, of the nature of (e.g. golden, oaken), corresponding to L. -ine. Common in O.E. and M.E., surviving words with it now are largely discarded in everyday use and the simple form of the noun serves as an adjective as well.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

en- 2 or em-
pref.
In; into; within: enzootic.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
en
English
EN
  1. end node

  2. endocardium

The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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