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enclave

[en-kleyv, ahn-] /ˈɛn kleɪv, ˈɑn-/
noun
1.
a country, or especially, an outlying portion of a country, entirely or mostly surrounded by the territory of another country.
2.
any small, distinct area or group enclosed or isolated within a larger one:
a Chinese-speaking enclave in London.
verb (used with object), enclaved, enclaving.
3.
to isolate or enclose (especially territory) within a foreign or uncongenial environment; make an enclave of:
The desert enclaved the little settlement.
Origin
1865-1870
1865-70; < French, Middle French, noun derivative of enclaver < Vulgar Latin *inclāvāre to lock in, equivalent to Latin in- in-2 + clāv(is) key + -āre infinitive suffix
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for enclave
  • Everyone is disgruntled and then gets squirreled away in their own vapid enclave.
  • The graceful, soothing enclave of squat tenements and historic architecture became the neighborhood's main draw for me.
  • The main thing that struck me was how close all the other cottages were, and how many cottages were in this little enclave.
  • Others have suggested rebuilding it as a smaller, safer enclave on higher ground.
  • Only detached homes are permitted in this enclave and they fall into two categories: older and smaller or bigger and newer.
  • It appears to me the author was staying in his little expat enclave and got screwed over as a result.
  • Stylish boutiques and cozy restaurants have been cropping up alongside design firms in this pedestrian-friendly enclave.
  • In a small academic enclave, everyone is going to know anyway.
  • Outside this rich enclave, however, there is a huge and poor country.
British Dictionary definitions for enclave

enclave

/ˈɛnkleɪv/
noun
1.
a part of a country entirely surrounded by foreign territory: viewed from the position of the surrounding territories Compare exclave
Word Origin
C19: from French, from Old French enclaver to enclose, from Vulgar Latin inclāvāre (unattested) to lock up, from Latin in-² + clavis key
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for enclave
n.

1868, from French enclave, from Old French enclaver "enclose, comprise, include" (13c.), from Late Latin inclavare "shut in, lock up," from Latin in- "in" (see in- (2)) + clavis "key" (see slot (n.2)). Enclaved "surrounded by land owned by another" is attested in English from mid-15c., from Middle French enclaver.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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enclave in Medicine

enclave en·clave (ěn'klāv', ŏn'-)
n.
A detached mass of tissue enclosed in tissue of another kind.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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