enclitic

enclitic

[en-klit-ik]
adjective
1.
(of a word) closely connected in pronunciation with the preceding word and not having an independent accent or phonological status.
noun
2.
an enclitic word, as Latin que “and” in arma virumque, “arms and the man.”

Origin:
1650–60; < Late Latin encliticus < Greek enklitikós, equivalent to en- en-2 + klít(os) slope + -ikos -ic

enclitically, adverb
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World English Dictionary
enclitic (ɪnˈklɪtɪk)
 
adj
1.  a.  denoting or relating to a monosyllabic word or form that is treated as a suffix of the preceding word, as Latin -que in populusque
 b.  (in classical Greek) denoting or relating to a word that throws an accent back onto the preceding word
 
n
2.  an enclitic word or linguistic form
 
[C17: from Late Latin encliticus, from Greek enklitikos, from enklinein to cause to lean, from en-² + klinein to lean]
 
en'clitically
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

enclitic
1663, from L.L. encliticus, from Gk. enklitikos "throwing its accent back," lit. "leaning on," from verbal adj. stem of enklinein "to bend, lean on," from en- + klinein "to lean" (see lean (v.)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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