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[en-uh-muh] /ˈɛn ə mə/
noun, Medicine/Medical
the injection of a fluid into the rectum to cause a bowel movement.
the fluid injected.
Also called enema bag. a rubber bag or other device for administering an enema.
Origin of enema
1675-85; < Late Latin < Greek: injection, equivalent to en- en-2 + (h)e- (stem of hiénai to throw) + -ma noun suffix Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for enema
  • Often a warm mineral oil enema is used to soften and lubricate the stool.
  • Instead of evisceration, he got a turpentine and cedar-oil enema before being placed in natron.
  • The cost of such a fecal transplant--as low as an enema kit and blender.
  • We kept a lot of mint tea and ginger, comic books in the bathroom, and home enema kits on hand.
  • The double-contrast barium enema test uses an x-ray to image the entire large intestine.
  • Prior to a procto, the patient prepares by eating a low-fiber diet and taking an enema and possibly a laxative.
  • In some cases, the bowel obstruction can be treated with an air or contrast enema performed by a skilled radiologist.
  • Click the icon to see an image of the barium enema procedure.
  • His bowels were so out of whack that he had to have an enema every third day.
British Dictionary definitions for enema


noun (med) (pl) -mas, -mata (-mətə)
the introduction of liquid into the rectum to evacuate the bowels, medicate, or nourish
the liquid so introduced
Word Origin
C15: from New Latin, from Greek: injection, from enienai to send in, from hienai to send
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for enema

early 15c., via Medieval Latin, from Greek enema "injection," from enienai "to send in, inject," from en "in" (see en- (2)) + hienai "send" (cognate of Latin iacere; see jet (v.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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enema in Medicine

enema en·e·ma (ěn'ə-mə)
n. pl. en·e·mas

  1. The injection of liquid into the rectum through the anus for cleansing, for stimulating evacuation of the bowels, or for other therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.

  2. The fluid so injected.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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