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engaged

[en-geyjd] /ɛnˈgeɪdʒd/
adjective
1.
busy or occupied; involved:
deeply engaged in conversation.
2.
pledged to be married; betrothed:
an engaged couple.
3.
under engagement; pledged:
an engaged contractor.
4.
entered into conflict with:
desperately engaged armies.
5.
Mechanics.
  1. interlocked.
  2. (of wheels) in gear with each other.
6.
Architecture. (of a distinct member) built so as to be truly or seemingly attached in part to the structure before which it stands:
an engaged column.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; engage + -ed2
Related forms
engagedly
[en-gey-jid-lee, -geyjd-] /ɛnˈgeɪ dʒɪd li, -ˈgeɪdʒd-/ (Show IPA),
adverb
engagedness, noun
unengaged, adjective

engage

[en-geyj] /ɛnˈgeɪdʒ/
verb (used with object), engaged, engaging.
1.
to occupy the attention or efforts of (a person or persons):
He engaged her in conversation.
2.
to secure for aid, employment, use, etc.; hire:
to engage a worker; to engage a room.
3.
to attract and hold fast:
The novel engaged her attention and interest.
4.
to attract or please:
His good nature engages everyone.
5.
to bind, as by pledge, promise, contract, or oath; make liable:
He engaged himself to repay his debt within a month.
6.
to betroth (usually used in the passive):
They were engaged last week.
7.
to bring (troops) into conflict; enter into conflict with:
Our army engaged the enemy.
8.
Mechanics. to cause (gears or the like) to become interlocked; interlock with.
9.
to attach or secure.
10.
Obsolete. to entangle or involve.
verb (used without object), engaged, engaging.
11.
to occupy oneself; become involved:
to engage in business or politics.
12.
to take employment:
She engaged in her mother's business.
13.
to pledge one's word; assume an obligation:
I was unwilling to engage on such terms.
14.
to cross weapons; enter into conflict:
The armies engaged early in the morning.
15.
Mechanics. (of gears or the like) to interlock.
Origin
1515-25; < Middle French engager, Old French engagier. See en-1, gage1
Related forms
engager, noun
Synonyms
1. absorb, engross, interest, involve.
Antonyms
2. discharge. 8. release.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for engaged
  • But when she was five years old, she was already engaged to be married.
  • They were engaged a month later, and married soon after.
  • Managers can help ensure that people are happily engaged at work.
  • Some seasoned academics have no problem staying productive and engaged in faculty life during the latter years of their career.
  • What puzzles me is the mission the choppers were engaged in.
  • They reflect the values of cultural groups and the kinds of political structure and economic activity engaged in by a society.
  • People reported being happiest when engaged in what they were doing versus allowing their minds to wander.
  • Scans have shown that much of the brain is engaged even during simple tasks.
  • Sure it's cheesy, but even a bad joke can help keep the audience engaged.
  • The tent cities began to spring up and the participants engaged in a consensus based democracy form of governing themselves.
British Dictionary definitions for engaged

engaged

/ɪnˈɡeɪdʒd/
adjective
1.
pledged to be married; betrothed
2.
employed, occupied, or busy
3.
(architect) built against or attached to a wall or similar structure: an engaged column
4.
(of a telephone line) already in use
Derived Forms
engagedly (ɪnˈɡeɪdʒɪdlɪ) adverb

engage

/ɪnˈɡeɪdʒ/
verb (mainly transitive)
1.
to secure the services of; employ
2.
to secure for use; reserve: engage a room
3.
to involve (a person or his attention) intensely; engross; occupy
4.
to attract (the affection) of (a person): her innocence engaged him
5.
to draw (somebody) into conversation
6.
(intransitive) to take part; participate: he engages in many sports
7.
to promise (to do something)
8.
(also intransitive) (military) to begin an action with (an enemy)
9.
to bring (a mechanism) into operation: he engaged the clutch
10.
(also intransitive) to undergo or cause to undergo interlocking, as of the components of a driving mechanism, such as a gear train
11.
(machinery) to locate (a locking device) in its operative position or to advance (a tool) into a workpiece to commence cutting
Derived Forms
engager, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French engagier, from en-1 + gage a pledge, see gage1

engagé

/ɑ̃ɡaʒe/
adjective
1.
(of a writer or artist, esp a man) morally or politically committed to some ideology
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for engaged

engage

v.

early 15c., "to pledge," from Middle French engagier, from Old French en gage "under pledge," from en "make" + gage "pledge," through Frankish from Proto-Germanic *wadiare "pledge" (see wed).

It shows the common evolution of Germanic -w- to French -g-; cf. Guillaume from Wilhelm). Meaning "attract the attention of" is from 1640s; that of "employ" is from 1640s, from notion of "binding as by a pledge." Specific sense of "promise to marry" is 1610s (implied in engaged).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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