engineering

[en-juh-neer-ing]
noun
1.
the art or science of making practical application of the knowledge of pure sciences, as physics or chemistry, as in the construction of engines, bridges, buildings, mines, ships, and chemical plants.
2.
the action, work, or profession of an engineer.
3.
skillful or artful contrivance; maneuvering.

Origin:
1710–20; engineer + -ing1

nonengineering, noun, adjective
preengineering, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

engineer

[en-juh-neer]
noun
1.
a person trained and skilled in the design, construction, and use of engines or machines, or in any of various branches of engineering: a mechanical engineer; a civil engineer.
2.
a person who operates or is in charge of an engine.
3.
Also called locomotive engineer. Railroads. a person who operates or is in charge of a locomotive.
4.
a member of an army, navy, or air force specially trained in engineering work.
5.
a skillful manager: a political engineer.
verb (used with object)
6.
to plan, construct, or manage as an engineer: He's engineered several big industrial projects.
7.
to design or create using the techniques or methods of engineering: The motor has been engineered to run noiselessly.
8.
to arrange, manage, or carry through by skillful or artful contrivance: He certainly engineered the election campaign beautifully.

Origin:
1350–1400; engine + -eer; replacing Middle English engin(e)our < Anglo-French engineor Old French engigneor < Medieval Latin ingeniātor, equivalent to ingeniā(re) to design, devise (verbal derivative of ingenium; see engine) + Latin -tor -tor

subengineer, noun
unengineered, adjective
well-engineered, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
engineer (ˌɛndʒɪˈnɪə)
 
n
1.  a person trained in any branch of the profession of engineering
2.  the originator or manager of a situation, system, etc
3.  a mechanic; person who repairs or services machines
4.  (US), (Canadian) the driver of a railway locomotive
5.  an officer responsible for a ship's engines
6.  Informal name: sapper a member of the armed forces, esp the army, trained in engineering and construction work
 
vb
7.  to originate, cause, or plan in a clever or devious manner: he engineered the minister's downfall
8.  to design, plan, or construct as a professional engineer
 
[C14: enginer, from Old French engigneor, from engignier to contrive, ultimately from Latin ingenium skill, talent; see engine]

engineering (ˌɛndʒɪˈnɪərɪŋ)
 
n
See also military engineering the profession of applying scientific principles to the design, construction, and maintenance of engines, cars, machines, etc (mechanical engineering), buildings, bridges, roads, etc (civil engineering), electrical machines and communication systems (electrical engineering), chemical plant and machinery (chemical engineering), or aircraft (aeronautical engineering)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

engineer
early 14c., "constructor of military engines," from O.Fr. engigneor, from L.L. ingeniare (see engine); general sense of "inventor, designer" is recorded from early 15c.; civil sense, in ref. to public works, is recorded from c.1600. Meaning "locomotive driver" is first attested
1832, Amer.Eng. The verb is attested from 1843; figurative sense of "arrange, contrive" is attested from 1864, originally in a political context. Related: Engineered. Engineering as a field of study is attested from 1792; an earlier word was engineership (1640s). Engineery was attempted in 1793, but it did not stick.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
engineering   (ěn'jə-nîr'ĭng)  Pronunciation Key 
The application of science to practical uses such as the design of structures, machines, and systems. Engineering has many specialities such as civil engineering, chemical engineering, and mechanical engineering.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
One is to fund research with a strong emphasis on energy engineering and
  science.
It increased global trade and led to advances in disease control, science and
  engineering.
Few engineering feats today will last two centuries despite computer design and
  advance engineering science.
But his belief in the beautiful efficiency of natural engineering clearly
  anticipated the modern science of biomimetics.
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