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epitaph

[ep-i-taf, -tahf] /ˈɛp ɪˌtæf, -ˌtɑf/
noun
1.
a commemorative inscription on a tomb or mortuary monument about the person buried at that site.
2.
a brief poem or other writing in praise of a deceased person.
verb (used with object)
3.
to commemorate in or with an epitaph.
Origin of epitaph
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English epitaphe < Latin epitaphium < Greek epitáphion over or at a tomb, equivalent to epi- epi- + táph(os) tomb + -ion noun, adj. suffix
Related forms
epitaphic
[ep-i-taf-ik] /ˌɛp ɪˈtæf ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
epitaphist, noun
epitaphless, adjective
unepitaphed, adjective
Can be confused
epigram, epigraph, epitaph, epithet.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for epitaph

epitaph

/ˈɛpɪˌtɑːf; -ˌtæf/
noun
1.
a commemorative inscription on a tombstone or monument
2.
a speech or written passage composed in commemoration of a dead person
3.
a final judgment on a person or thing
Derived Forms
epitaphic (ˌɛpɪˈtæfɪk) adjective
epitaphist, noun
Word Origin
C14: via Latin from Greek epitaphion, from epitaphios over a tomb, from epi- + taphos tomb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for epitaph
n.

mid-14c., from Old French epitaphe (12c.) and directly from Medieval Latin epitaphium "funeral oration, eulogy," from Greek epitaphion "a funeral oration," noun use of neuter of epitaphos "of a funeral," from epi "at, over" (see epi-) + taphos "tomb, funeral rites," from PIE root *dhembh- "to bury." Among the Old English equivalents was byrgelsleoð.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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14
15
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