[ep-i-taf, -tahf]
a commemorative inscription on a tomb or mortuary monument about the person buried at that site.
a brief poem or other writing in praise of a deceased person.
verb (used with object)
to commemorate in or with an epitaph.

1350–1400; Middle English epitaphe < Latin epitaphium < Greek epitáphion over or at a tomb, equivalent to epi- epi- + táph(os) tomb + -ion noun, adj. suffix

epitaphic [ep-i-taf-ik] , adjective
epitaphist, noun
epitaphless, adjective
unepitaphed, adjective

epigram, epigraph, epitaph, epithet.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
epitaph (ˈɛpɪˌtɑːf, -ˌtæf)
1.  a commemorative inscription on a tombstone or monument
2.  a speech or written passage composed in commemoration of a dead person
3.  a final judgment on a person or thing
[C14: via Latin from Greek epitaphion, from epitaphios over a tomb, from epi- + taphos tomb]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., from O.Fr. epitaphe, from L. epitaphium "funeral oration, eulogy," from Gk. epitaphion, neut. of epitaphos "of a funeral," from epi- "at, over" + taphos "tomb, funeral rites." Among the O.E. equivalents was byrgelsleoð.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Tour guides also point out gravestone artwork and powerful epitaphs for the
Other excavations in the area have revealed gladiator epitaphs, a circus for
  chariot races, and thermal baths.
Were the epitaphs that were ordered for them as they died.
In addition to the imagery, the language and tone of the epitaphs changed
  during this period as well.
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