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escarp

[ih-skahrp] /ɪˈskɑrp/
noun
1.
Fortification. the inner slope or wall of the ditch surrounding a rampart.
2.
any similar steep slope.
verb (used with object)
3.
to make into an escarp; give a steep slope to; furnish with escarps.
Origin
1680-1690
1680-90; < French, Middle French escarpe < Italian scarpa < Germanic; see scarp
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for escarp

escarp

/ɪˈskɑːp/
noun
1.
(fortifications) the inner side of the ditch separating besiegers and besieged Compare counterscarp
verb
2.
a rare word for scarp (sense 3)
Word Origin
C17: from French escarpe; see scarp
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for escarp
n.

"steep slope," 1680s, from French escarpe (16c.), from Italian scarpa (see scarp).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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10
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