ethology

[ee-thol-uh-jee, ih-thol-]
noun
the study of animal behavior with emphasis on the behavioral patterns that occur in natural environments.

Origin:
1895–1900; earlier, as the study of relations between an organism and its environment < French éthologie, coined by French zoologist I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (1805–61); see ethos, -logy

ethological [ee-thuh-loj-i-kuhl, eth-uh-] , adjective
ethologically, adverb
ethologist, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
ethology (ɪˈθɒlədʒɪ)
 
n
the study of the behaviour of animals in their normal environment
 
[C17 (in the obsolete sense: mimicry): via Latin from Greek ēthologia, from ēthos character; current sense, C19]
 
ethological
 
adj
 
etho'logically
 
adv
 
e'thologist
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

ethology
from Gk. ethologia, from ethos "character" (see ethos).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
ethology   (ĭ-thŏl'ə-jē, ē-thŏl'-)  Pronunciation Key 
The scientific study of animal behavior, especially as it occurs in a natural environment.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
They haven't published any articles in learned journals, and they don't claim
  to be in the forefront of hippo ethology.
Each day, we've been greeted by the super stars of animal behavior and ethology
  research.
What makes all this unconvincing, of course, is the distance between the
  ethology and the sociology.
They could do jelly ethology, which no one had ever done.
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