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ethylene

[eth-uh-leen] /ˈɛθ əˌlin/ Chemistry
adjective
1.
containing the ethylene group.
noun
2.
Also called ethene, olefiant gas. a colorless, flammable gas, C 2 H 4 , having a sweet, unpleasant odor and taste, the first member of the ethylene series, usually obtained from petroleum and natural gas: used as an agent to improve the color of citrus fruits, in the synthesis of polyethylene, ethylene dibromide, ethylene oxide, and other organic compounds, and in medicine chiefly as an inhalation anesthetic.
Origin of ethylene
1850-1855
1850-55; ethyl + -ene
Related forms
ethylenic
[eth-uh-lee-nik, -len-ik] /ˌɛθ əˈli nɪk, -ˈlɛn ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for ethylene

ethylene

/ˈɛθɪˌliːn/
noun
1.
a colourless flammable gaseous alkene with a sweet odour, obtained from petroleum and natural gas and used in the manufacture of polythene and many other chemicals. Formula: CH2:CH2 Also called ethene
Derived Forms
ethylenic (ˌɛθɪˈliːnɪk) adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ethylene
n.

1852, from ethyl + -ene, probably suggested by methylene.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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ethylene in Medicine

ethylene eth·yl·ene (ěth'ə-lēn')
n.

  1. An explosive gas derived from natural gas and petroleum infrequently used as an inhalation anesthetic. Also called ethene.

  2. The bivalent hydrocarbon radical C2H4 that is isomeric to the ethylidene radical.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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ethylene in Science
ethylene
  (ěth'ə-lēn')   
A colorless, flammable gas that occurs naturally in certain plants and can be obtained from petroleum and natural gas. As a plant hormone, it ripens and colors fruit, and it is manufactured for use in agriculture to speed these processes. It is also used as a fuel and in making plastics. Ethylene is the simplest alkene, consisting of two carbon atoms joined by a double bond and each attached to two hydrogen atoms. Also called ethene. Chemical formula: C2H4.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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