etude

étude

[ey-tood, ey-tyood, ey-tood, ey-tyood; French ey-tyd]
noun, plural études [ey-toodz, ey-tyoodz, ey-toodz, ey-tyoodz; French ey-tyd] .
1.
a musical composition, usually instrumental, intended mainly for the practice of some point of technique.
2.
study ( def 12 ).

Origin:
1830–40; < French; see study

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World English Dictionary
étude (ˈeɪtjuːd, French etyd)
 
n
a short musical composition for a solo instrument, esp one designed as an exercise or exploiting technical virtuosity
 
[C19: from French: study]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

etude
1837, from Fr. étude, lit. "study," from O.Fr. estudie, from L. studium (see study). Popularized in Eng. by the etudes of Chopin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

etude

in music, originally a study or technical exercise, later a complete and musically intelligible composition exploring a particular technical problem in an esthetically satisfying manner. Although a number of didactic pieces date from earlier times, including vocal solfeggi and keyboard works (Domenico Scarlatti's Esercizi per gravicembalo), the etude came into its own only in the late 18th and early 19th centuries with collections published by the virtuoso pianist Muzio Clementi (especially his Gradus ad Parnassum, 1817), emulated by other pianist-composers, especially Karl Czerny. With the 27 piano etudes by Frederic Chopin (Opus 10, 1833; Opus 25, 1837), the etude became a composition of considerable musical interest apart from its merit as a technical study. Many of the Transcendental Etudes by piano virtuoso Franz Liszt feature descriptive titles (e.g., La campanella, or "The Little Bell"). Claude Debussy's Douze Etudes (1915; 12 Etudes) and Gyorgy Ligeti's Etudes for Piano (Book 1, 1985; Book 2, 1988-94) are notable later examples.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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