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exasperate

[v. ig-zas-puh-reyt; adj. ig-zas-per-it] /v. ɪgˈzæs pəˌreɪt; adj. ɪgˈzæs pər ɪt/
verb (used with object), exasperated, exasperating.
1.
to irritate or provoke to a high degree; annoy extremely:
He was exasperated by the senseless delays.
2.
Archaic. to increase the intensity or violence of (disease, pain, feelings, etc.).
adjective
3.
Botany. rough; covered with hard, projecting points, as a leaf.
Origin
1525-1535
1525-35; < Latin exasperātus (past participle of exasperāre to make rough, provoke), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + asper harsh, rough + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
exasperatedly, adverb
exasperater, noun
exasperatingly, adverb
unexasperated, adjective
unexasperating, adjective
Can be confused
exacerbate, exasperate.
Synonyms
1. incense, anger, vex, inflame, infuriate. See irritate. 2. exacerbate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for exasperated
  • Economists will be exasperated by her ingenious simplifications and her peremptory definitions.
  • Their mother's exasperated reactions to Ben's insensitivity are comically realistic.
  • That only exasperated a month-long pullback in technology and a more recent drop in other sectors.
  • Amy, for example, is exasperated by her son's fondness for science fiction.
  • The Senate's inability to act exasperated some.
  • Consequently the tireless though exasperated travellers broke through.
  • For an exasperated parent, this may be the solution that lays the golden egg.
  • Most flights - especially to sunny destinations - are packed, many with screaming kids and exasperated parents.
  • This frustrated him, and he still seemed exasperated when he described the situation.
  • Both looked exhausted, dehydrated, exasperated.
British Dictionary definitions for exasperated

exasperate

/ɪɡˈzɑːspəˌreɪt/
verb (transitive)
1.
to cause great irritation or anger to; infuriate
2.
to cause (an unpleasant feeling, condition, etc) to worsen; aggravate
adjective
3.
(botany) having a rough prickly surface because of the presence of hard projecting points
Derived Forms
exasperatedly, adverb
exasperater, noun
exasperating, adjective
exasperatingly, adverb
exasperation, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin exasperāre to make rough, from asper rough
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for exasperated
exasperate
1530s, from L. exasperatus, pp. of exasperare "roughen, irritate," from ex- "thoroughly" + asper "rough." Related: Exasperated; exasperating.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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