extirpate

[ek-ster-peyt, ik-stur-peyt]
verb (used with object), extirpated, extirpating.
1.
to remove or destroy totally; do away with; exterminate.
2.
to pull up by or as if by the roots; root up: to extirpate an unwanted hair.

Origin:
1530–40; < Latin ex(s)tirpātus plucked up by the stem (past participle of ex(s)tirpāre), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + stirp- (stem of stirps) stem + -ātus -ate1

extirpation, noun
extirpative, adjective
extirpator, noun
unextirpated, adjective
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World English Dictionary
extirpate (ˈɛkstəˌpeɪt)
 
vb
1.  to remove or destroy completely
2.  to pull up or out; uproot
3.  to remove (an organ or part) surgically
 
[C16: from Latin exstirpāre to root out, from stirps root, stock]
 
extir'pation
 
n
 
'extirpative
 
adj
 
'extirpator
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

extirpation
1520s, from L. extirpationem, from extirpare "root out," from ex- "out" + stirps (gen. stirpis) "a root, stock of a tree."

extirpate
1530s, usually figurative, from L. extirpat-/exstirpat-, pp. stem of extirpare/exstirpare (see extirpation). Related: Extirpated; extirpating.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

extirpation ex·tir·pa·tion (ěk'stər-pā'shən)
n.
The surgical removal of an organ, a part of an organ, or a diseased tissue.


ex'tir·pate' v.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
For else it is rather an extirpation than a plantation.
The extirpation of the infantile wishes is not at all the ideal aim of
  development.
By the original law of nations, war and extirpation were the punishment of
  injury.
There is no data showing a correlation, never mind causation, between spring
  temperatures and local extirpation.
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