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[ek-ster-peyt, ik-stur-peyt] /ˈɛk stərˌpeɪt, ɪkˈstɜr peɪt/
verb (used with object), extirpated, extirpating.
to remove or destroy totally; do away with; exterminate.
to pull up by or as if by the roots; root up:
to extirpate an unwanted hair.
Origin of extirpate
1530-40; < Latin ex(s)tirpātus plucked up by the stem (past participle of ex(s)tirpāre), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + stirp- (stem of stirps) stem + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
extirpation, noun
extirpative, adjective
extirpator, noun
unextirpated, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for extirpation


verb (transitive)
to remove or destroy completely
to pull up or out; uproot
to remove (an organ or part) surgically
Derived Forms
extirpation, noun
extirpative, adjective
extirpator, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin exstirpāre to root out, from stirps root, stock
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for extirpation

early 15c., "removal;" 1520s, "rooting out, eradication," from Latin extirpationem/exstirpationem (nominative extirpatio/exstirpatio), noun of action from past participle stem of extirpare/exstirpare "root out," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + stirps (genitive stirpis) "a root, stock of a tree."



1530s, usually figurative, from Latin extirpatus/exstirpatus, past participle of extirpare/exstirpare (see extirpation). Related: Extirpated; extirpating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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extirpation in Medicine

extirpation ex·tir·pa·tion (ěk'stər-pā'shən)
The surgical removal of an organ, a part of an organ, or a diseased tissue.

ex'tir·pate' v.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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