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extremity

[ik-strem-i-tee] /ɪkˈstrɛm ɪ ti/
noun, plural extremities.
1.
the extreme or terminal point, limit, or part of something.
2.
a limb of the body.
3.
Usually, extremities. the end part of a limb, as a hand or foot:
to experience cold in one's extremities.
4.
Often, extremities. a condition or circumstance of extreme need, distress, etc.:
to suffer the extremities of being poor.
5.
the utmost or any extreme degree:
the extremity of joy.
6.
an extreme or extraordinary measure, act, etc.:
to go to any extremity to feed the children.
7.
extreme nature or character:
the extremity of his views on foreign trade.
8.
Archaic. a person's last moment before death.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; Middle English < Latin extrēmitās. See extreme, -ity
Related forms
superextremity, noun, plural superextremities.
Synonyms
1. end, termination; verge; border, boundary.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for extremities
  • Nerve endings in the extremities go numb or tingle as if pricked by thousands of needles.
  • The machine symbolizes the industrial forestry that dominates the southern and northern extremities of the region.
  • All accounts of this incident agree that the victims' mouths and extremities were blue.
  • Or maybe it helped keep the extremities warmer by losing the water.
  • Basically, the spinal fluid in the middle of his head pushed the brain tissues to the extremities of the skull.
  • Ossification begins in the center of the body, about the seventh week of fetal life, and gradually extends toward the extremities.
  • It has two surfaces, two borders, and two extremities.
  • Two or more of the cartilages often unite, partially or completely, and they are sometimes bifurcated at their extremities.
  • Ossification begins in the body about the eighth week of fetal life, and extends toward the extremities.
  • It started with scaly red patches on his face and extremities, but within two weeks he was covered with a weeping bumpy rash.
British Dictionary definitions for extremities

extremity

/ɪkˈstrɛmɪtɪ/
noun (pl) -ties
1.
the farthest or outermost point or section; termination
2.
the greatest or most intense degree
3.
an extreme condition or state, as of adversity or disease
4.
a limb, such as a leg, arm, or wing, or the part of such a limb farthest from the trunk
5.
(usually pl) (archaic) a drastic or severe measure
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for extremities
extremity
late 14c., from O.Fr. extremite, from L. extremitatem, from extremus; see extreme, the etymological sense of which is better preserved in this word.
extremities
hands and feet, uttermost parts of the body, mid-15c., pl. of extremity.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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extremities in Medicine

extremity ex·trem·i·ty (ĭk-strěm'ĭ-tē)
n.

  1. An end of an elongated or pointed structure.

  2. A bodily limb or appendage.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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