fauna

[faw-nuh]
noun, plural faunas, faunae [faw-nee] .
1.
the animals of a given region or period considered as a whole.
2.
a treatise on the animals of a given region or period.
3.
(initial capital letter) Roman Religion, Bona Dea.

Origin:
1765–75; < Neo-Latin, special use of Latin Fauna, a feminine counterpart to Faunus; cf. Flora

faunal, adjective
faunally, adverb
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
fauna (ˈfɔːnə)
 
n , pl -nas, -nae
1.  all the animal life of a given place or time, esp when distinguished from the plant life (flora)
2.  a descriptive list of such animals
 
[C18: from New Latin, from Late Latin Fauna a goddess, sister of Faunus]
 
'faunal
 
adj
 
'faunally
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

fauna
1771, collective name for animals of a certain region or time, from L.L. Fauna, a Roman fertility goddess, wife, sister, or daughter (or some combination thereof) of Faunus. Popularized by Linnaeus (1707-78), who adopted it as a companion word to flora and used it in the title of his 1746 catalogue of
the animals of Sweden, "Fauna Suecica." First used in Eng. by naturalist Gilbert White.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

fauna fau·na (fô'nə)
n. pl. fau·nas or fau·nae (-nē')
Animals, especially the animals of a particular region or period, considered as a group.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
fauna   (fô'nə)  Pronunciation Key 
Plural faunas or faunae (fô'nē')
The animals of a particular region or time period.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
fauna [(faw-nuh)]

Animals, especially the animals of a particular place and time.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The flora and fauna of the land are enormously represented.
Most were inspired by the flora and fauna they had spent their lives surrounded
  by.
What they found was, if anything, even more shocking: gliding and flapping
  fauna appear to have no direct common ancestor.
The effects of the brine on the surrounding flora and fauna in the sea depend
  on the specific marine life in the disposal area.
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