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[faw-nuh] /ˈfɔ nə/
noun, plural faunas, faunae
[faw-nee] /ˈfɔ ni/ (Show IPA)
the animals of a given region or period considered as a whole.
a treatise on the animals of a given region or period.
(initial capital letter) Roman Religion, Bona Dea.
Origin of fauna
1765-75; < New Latin, special use of Latin Fauna, a feminine counterpart to Faunus; cf. Flora
Related forms
faunal, adjective
faunally, adverb

Bona Dea

[boh-nuh dee-uh, dey-uh] /ˈboʊ nə ˈdi ə, ˈdeɪ ə/
an ancient Roman goddess of chastity and fertility.
Also called Fauna.
< Latin: literally, (the) Good Goddess Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for fauna
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Differences in climate, fauna and flora are purely superficial.

    Psychoanalysis Andr Tridon
  • It is to me more what you call a 'beast-garden,' to include all species of fauna.

    The Spenders Harry Leon Wilson
  • The members of the Oriental migration form a very large percentage of the European fauna.

  • I have captioned them with present-day names of the flora and fauna.

    The History of Louisiana Le Page Du Pratz
  • Let us consider, in the first place, the chances for the preservation of remains of the present fauna and flora of a country.

  • His papers on the fauna and flora made him known to scientific societies.

    Amy Foster Joseph Conrad
  • I'm quite sure that our fauna and flora would take a prize over Central Park.

  • The tapir, then, in point of size takes precedence in the South-American fauna.

    The Forest Exiles Mayne Reid
British Dictionary definitions for fauna


noun (pl) -nas, -nae (-niː)
all the animal life of a given place or time, esp when distinguished from the plant life (flora)
a descriptive list of such animals
Derived Forms
faunal, adjective
faunally, adverb
Word Origin
C18: from New Latin, from Late Latin Fauna a goddess, sister of Faunus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for fauna

1771, collective name for animals of a certain region or time, from Late Latin Fauna, a Roman fertility goddess, wife, sister, or daughter (or some combination thereof) of Faunus (see faun).

Popularized by Linnaeus, who adopted it as a companion word to flora and used it in the title of his 1746 catalogue of the animals of Sweden, "Fauna Suecica." First used in English by naturalist Gilbert White.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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fauna in Medicine

fauna fau·na (fô'nə)
n. pl. fau·nas or fau·nae (-nē')
Animals, especially the animals of a particular region or period, considered as a group.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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fauna in Science
Plural faunas or faunae (fô'nē')
The animals of a particular region or time period.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
fauna in Culture
fauna [(faw-nuh)]

Animals, especially the animals of a particular place and time.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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