filling

[fil-ing]
noun
1.
an act or instance of filling.
2.
something that is put in to fill something else: They used sand as filling for the depression.
3.
Dentistry. a substance such as cement, amalgam, gold, or the like, used to fill a cavity caused by decay in a tooth.
4.
a food mixture that goes into something, as if to fill it: sandwich filling; pie filling.
5.
Also called pick, weft, woof. Textiles. yarn carried by the shuttle and interlacing at right angles with the warp in woven cloth.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English; see fill, -ing1

self-filling, adjective
unfilling, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

fill

[fil]
verb (used with object)
1.
to make full; put as much as can be held into: to fill a jar with water.
2.
to occupy to the full capacity: Water filled the basin. The crowd filled the hall.
3.
to supply to an extreme degree or plentifully: to fill a house with furniture; to fill the heart with joy.
4.
to satisfy fully the hunger of; satiate: The roast beef filled the diners.
5.
to put into a receptacle: to fill sand into a pail.
6.
to be plentiful throughout: Fish filled the rivers.
7.
to extend throughout; pervade completely: The odor filled the room.
8.
to furnish with an occupant: The landlord filled the vacancy yesterday.
9.
to provide (an office or opening) with an incumbent: The company is eager to fill the controllership.
10.
to occupy and perform the duties of (a vacancy, position, post, etc.).
11.
to supply the requirements or contents of (an order), as for goods; execute.
12.
to supply (a blank space) with written matter, decorative work, etc.
13.
to meet satisfactorily, as requirements: This book fills a great need.
14.
to make up, compound, or otherwise provide the contents of (a medical prescription).
15.
to stop up or close (a cavity, hole, etc.): to fill a tooth.
16.
Cookery. to insert a filling into: to fill cupcakes with custard.
17.
Nautical.
a.
to distend (a sail) by pressure of the wind so as to impart headway to a vessel.
b.
to brace (a yard) so that the sail will catch the wind on its after side.
18.
to adulterate: to fill soaps with water.
19.
Civil Engineering, Building Trades. to build up the level of (an area) with earth, stones, etc.
verb (used without object)
20.
to become full: The hall filled rapidly. Our eyes filled with tears.
21.
to increase in atmospheric pressure: a filling cyclone.
22.
to become distended, as sails with the wind.
noun
23.
a full supply; enough to satisfy want or desire: to eat one's fill.
24.
an amount of something sufficient for filling; charge.
25.
Civil Engineering, Building Trades. a quantity of earth, stones, etc., for building up the level of an area of ground: These houses were built on fill. Compare backfill.
26.
the feed and water in the digestive tract of a livestock animal, especially that consumed before marketing.
Verb phrases
27.
fill away, Nautical.
a.
to fall off the wind and proceed on a board.
b.
to brace the yards, so that sails that have been aback will stand full.
28.
fill in,
a.
to supply missing or desired information: Fill in the facts of your business experience.
b.
to complete by adding detail, as a design or drawing: to fill in a sketch with shadow.
c.
to substitute for: to fill in for a colleague who is ill.
d.
to fill with some material: to fill in a crack with putty.
e.
Informal. to supply (someone) with information: Please fill me in on the morning news.
29.
fill out,
a.
to complete (a document, list, etc.) by supplying missing or desired information.
b.
to become larger, fuller, or rounder, as the figure: The children have begun to fill out since I saw them last.
30.
fill up,
a.
to fill completely: to fill up a glass; to fill up a fuel tank.
b.
to become completely filled: The riverbed filled up as a result of the steady rains.
Idioms
31.
fill and stand on, Nautical. (of a sailing vessel) to proceed on a tack after being hove to or halted facing the wind; fill away.
32.
fill the bill. bill1 ( def 16 ).

Origin:
before 900; Middle English fillen, Old English fyllan; cognate with German füllen, Gothic fulljan to make full; see full1

fillable, adjective
half-filled, adjective
unfilled, adjective
well-filled, adjective


2. crowd, pack, jam, cram. 13. satisfy, answer, fulfill.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
fill (fɪl)
 
vb (often foll by up)
1.  (also intr) to make or become full: to fill up a bottle; the bath fills in two minutes
2.  to occupy the whole of: the party filled two floors of the house
3.  to plug (a gap, crevice, cavity, etc)
4.  to meet (a requirement or need) satisfactorily
5.  to cover (a page or blank space) with writing, drawing, etc
6.  to hold and perform the duties of (an office or position)
7.  to appoint or elect an occupant to (an office or position)
8.  building trades to build up (ground) with fill
9.  (also intr) to swell or cause to swell with wind, as in manoeuvring the sails of a sailing vessel
10.  to increase the bulk of by adding an inferior substance
11.  poker to complete (a full house, etc) by drawing the cards needed
12.  chiefly (US), (Canadian) to put together the necessary materials for (a prescription or order)
13.  informal fill the bill to serve or perform adequately
 
n
14.  material such as gravel, stones, etc, used to bring an area of ground up to a required level
15.  one's fill the quantity needed to satisfy one: to eat your fill
 
[Old English fyllan; related to Old Frisian fella, Old Norse fylla, Gothic fulljan, Old High German fullen; see full1, fulfil]

filling (ˈfɪlɪŋ)
 
n
1.  the substance or thing used to fill a space or container: pie filling
2.  dentistry
 a.  any of various substances (metal, plastic, etc) for inserting into the prepared cavity of a tooth
 b.  the cavity of a tooth so filled
3.  textiles another term for weft
 
adj
4.  (of food or a meal) substantial and satisfying

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

fill
O.E. fyllan, from P.Gmc. *fullijan (cf. O.S. fulljan, O.N. fylla, O.Fris. fella, Du. vullen, Ger. füllen "to fill"), a derivative of adj. *fullaz "full." The related noun meaning "a full supply" is M.E. fille, from O.E. fylle. To fill the bill (1882) was originally U.S. theatrical slang, in reference
to a star whose name would be the only one on a show's poster. Related: Filled; filling.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

filling fill·ing (fĭl'ĭng)
n.
Material, such as amalgam, gold, or a synthetic resin, used to fill a cavity in a tooth.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
People are still pushing into the room, filling the chairs and settling
  themselves cross-legged on the floor.
The workers started by filling metal frames-each measuring ten square feet-with
  bottles encased between sheets of chicken wire.
Coyotes became top dog, filling the wolf's ecological niche.
They needed something cheap, filling and full of energy and protein to keep
  them going throughout the day.
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