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forfeit

[fawr-fit] /ˈfɔr fɪt/
noun
1.
a fine; penalty.
2.
an act of forfeiting; forfeiture.
3.
something to which the right is lost, as for commission of a crime or misdeed, neglect of duty, or violation of a contract.
4.
an article deposited in a game because of a mistake and redeemable by a fine or penalty.
5.
forfeits, (used with a singular verb) a game in which such articles are taken from the players.
verb (used with object)
6.
to subject to seizure as a forfeit.
7.
to lose or become liable to lose, as in consequence of crime, fault, or breach of engagement.
adjective
8.
lost or subject to loss by forfeiture.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English forfet < Old French (past participle of forfaire to commit crime, to lose possession or right through a criminal act) < Medieval Latin forīs factum penalty, past participle of forīs facere to transgress, equivalent to Latin forīs outside, wrongly + facere to make, do
Related forms
forfeitable, adjective
forfeiter, noun
nonforfeitable, adjective
nonforfeiting, adjective
reforfeit, verb (used with object)
unforfeitable, adjective
unforfeited, adjective
unforfeiting, adjective
Synonyms
7. surrender, yield, relinquish, forgo, waive.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for forfeit
  • They're shadowy figures, so well defended that they nearly forfeit our sympathy.
  • There were others, it is true, when she dreaded any explanation which would compel her to forfeit her displeasure.
  • Some people manage to forfeit the right to be taken seriously or treated politely.
  • Some worry that, having made big losses, some managers may have lost a bit of nerve-and will forfeit gains if markets rebound.
  • Were they expelled, they would have to forfeit their degrees, with grave implications for their professional futures.
  • Essentially because if you don't you will forfeit them.
  • If you don't and those group carry out violence, then expect that sovereignty to be forfeit.
  • Some bottles are attractive enough to forfeit the return deposit.
  • And no rock film with a claim to authenticity could afford to forfeit its grainy realism.
  • The latter is the cheaper and speedier of the two, but it requires a bank to forfeit its right to hound the former owner.
British Dictionary definitions for forfeit

forfeit

/ˈfɔːfɪt/
noun
1.
something lost or given up as a penalty for a fault, mistake, etc
2.
the act of losing or surrendering something in this manner
3.
(law) something confiscated as a penalty for an offence, breach of contract, etc
4.
(sometimes pl)
  1. a game in which a player has to give up an object, perform a specified action, etc, if he commits a fault
  2. an object so given up
verb
5.
(transitive) to lose or be liable to lose in consequence of a mistake, fault, etc
6.
(transitive) (law)
  1. to confiscate as punishment
  2. to surrender (something exacted as a penalty)
adjective
7.
surrendered or liable to be surrendered as a penalty
Derived Forms
forfeitable, adjective
forfeiter, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French forfet offence, from forfaire to commit a crime, from Medieval Latin foris facere to act outside (what is lawful), from Latin foris outside + facere to do
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for forfeit
n.

c.1300, "misdeed," from Old French forfait "crime, punishable offense" (12c.), originally past participle of forfaire "transgress," from for- "outside, beyond" (from Latin foris; see foreign) + faire "to do" (from Latin facere; see factitious). Translating Medieval Latin foris factum. Sense shifted mid-15c. from the crime to the penalty: "something to which the right is lost through a misdeed." As an adjective from late 14c., from Old French forfait.

v.

c.1300, "to lose by misconduct;" see forfeit (n.). Related: Forfeited; forfeiting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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13
13
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