verb (used with object), forgave, forgiven, forgiving.
to grant pardon for or remission of (an offense, debt, etc.); absolve.
to give up all claim on account of; remit (a debt, obligation, etc.).
to grant pardon to (a person).
to cease to feel resentment against: to forgive one's enemies.
to cancel an indebtedness or liability of: to forgive the interest owed on a loan.
verb (used without object), forgave, forgiven, forgiving.
to pardon an offense or an offender.

before 900; for- + give; replacing Middle English foryiven, Old English forgiefan

forgivable, adjective
forgiver, noun
half-forgiven, adjective
preforgive, verb (used with object), preforgave, preforgiven, preforgiving.
unforgivable, adjective
unforgivableness, noun
unforgivably, adverb
unforgiven, adjective

commute, forgive, pardon (see synonym study at pardon).

1. See excuse. 3. absolve, acquit. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
forgive (fəˈɡɪv)
vb , -gives, -giving, -gave, -given
1.  to cease to blame or hold resentment against (someone or something)
2.  to grant pardon for (a mistake, wrongdoing, etc)
3.  (tr) to free or pardon (someone) from penalty
4.  (tr) to free from the obligation of (a debt, payment, etc)
[Old English forgiefan; see for-, give]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. forgiefan "give, grant, allow," also "to give up" and "to give in marriage;" from for- "completely" + giefan "give" (see give). The modern sense of "to give up desire or power to punish" is from use of the compound as a Gmc. loan-translation of L. perdonare (cf. Du. vergeven,
Ger. vergeben; see pardon). Related: Forgiven; forgiving
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
In order to forgive others, victims must put aside revenge.
Well, forgive me for not jumping up and down with joy.
He had to leave ignominiously from a side door-an end to his fourth government
  that he will not lightly forgive or forget.
But if you ski in bounds and suffer from cold hands, you'll happily pay-and
  forgive the weight.
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