Fraktur

Fraktur

[frahk-toor]
noun
1.
Printing. German black-letter text, a style of type.
2.
(usually lowercase) . Also, fractur.
a.
a stylized, highly decorative watercolor or watercolor-and-ink painting in the Pennsylvania-German tradition, often bearing elaborate calligraphy and standardized motifs, as birds, tulips, mermaids, and unicorns, and typically appearing on a book page, baptismal certificate or other family record, or merchant's advertisement.
b.
the elaborate calligraphy used in frakturs.

Origin:
1900–05, Americanism; < German < Latin frāctūra action of breaking (in reference to the curlicues that broke up the continuous line of a word). See fracture

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World English Dictionary
Fraktur (German frakˈtuːr)
 
n
a style of typeface, formerly used in German typesetting for many printed works
 
[German, from Latin fractūra a breaking, fracture; from the curlicues that seem to interrupt the continuous line of a word]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

fraktur
German black-lettering, 1886, from Ger. Fraktur, from L. fractura (see fracture), so called from its angular, "broken" letters. The style was commonly used in Ger. printing from c.1540. Sense often transferred to Pennsylvania German arts that incorporate the lettering.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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