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Fraktur

[frahk-toor] /frɑkˈtur/
noun
1.
Printing. German black-letter text, a style of type.
2.
(usually lowercase). Also, fractur.
  1. a stylized, highly decorative watercolor or watercolor-and-ink painting in the Pennsylvania-German tradition, often bearing elaborate calligraphy and standardized motifs, as birds, tulips, mermaids, and unicorns, and typically appearing on a book page, baptismal certificate or other family record, or merchant's advertisement.
  2. the elaborate calligraphy used in frakturs.
Origin
1900-1905
1900-05, Americanism; < German < Latin frāctūra action of breaking (in reference to the curlicues that broke up the continuous line of a word). See fracture
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Fraktur

Fraktur

/German frakˈtuːr/
noun
1.
a style of typeface, formerly used in German typesetting for many printed works
Word Origin
German, from Latin fractūra a breaking, fracture; from the curlicues that seem to interrupt the continuous line of a word
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
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Word Origin and History for Fraktur

fraktur

n.

German black-lettering, 1886, from German Fraktur, from Latin fractura (see fracture (n.)); so called from its angular, "broken" letters. The style was commonly used in German printing from c.1540. Sense often transferred to Pennsylvania German arts that incorporate the lettering.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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14
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