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fume

[fyoom] /fyum/
noun
1.
Often, fumes. any smokelike or vaporous exhalation from matter or substances, especially of an odorous or harmful nature:
tobacco fumes; noxious fumes of carbon monoxide.
2.
an irritable or angry mood:
He has been in a fume ever since the contract fell through.
verb (used with object), fumed, fuming.
3.
to emit or exhale, as fumes or vapor:
giant stacks fuming their sooty smoke.
4.
to treat with or expose to fumes.
5.
to show fretful irritation or anger:
She always fumes when the mail is late.
verb (used without object), fumed, fuming.
6.
to rise, or pass off, as fumes:
smoke fuming from an ashtray.
7.
to emit fumes:
The leaky pipe fumed alarmingly.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Old French fum < Latin fūmus smoke, steam, fume
Related forms
fumeless, adjective
fumelike, adjective
fumer, noun
fumingly, adverb
unfuming, adjective
Synonyms
2. rage, fury, agitation, storm. 5. chafe, fret.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for fumes
  • People wonder why the trees are turning yellow,accompanied by acrid fumes of cordite.
  • Suddenly an idea mingled with the alcoholic fumes that disturbed his brain.
  • The lawnmower rattles and roars to life, belching fumes into the enclosed space.
  • There's the whoosh and honking of traffic, and the smell of diesel and gasoline fumes rising in the air.
  • The mountains concentrate the fumes and noise from all these vehicles.
  • Some folks thought that the fumes had been too much for him.
  • Then it is exposed in another box to the fumes of the bromide of lime until it becomes of a blood-red tint.
  • He sat cross-legged on the floor inhaling heady fumes.
  • Acid fumes invaded all the rooms: the wallpaper changed color.
  • As a former jeweler, she'd worked around dangerous chemicals before and understood the hazards of toxic fumes.
British Dictionary definitions for fumes

fume

/fjuːm/
verb
1.
(intransitive) to be overcome with anger or fury; rage
2.
to give off (fumes) or (of fumes) to be given off, esp during a chemical reaction
3.
(transitive) to subject to or treat with fumes; fumigate
noun
4.
(often pl) a pungent or toxic vapour
5.
a sharp or pungent odour
6.
a condition of anger
Derived Forms
fumeless, adjective
fumelike, adjective
fumer, noun
fumingly, adverb
fumy, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Old French fum, from Latin fūmus smoke, vapour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for fumes

fume

n.

late 14c., from Old French fum "smoke, steam, vapor, breath," from Latin fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (source of Italian fumo, Spanish humo), from PIE *dheu- (cf. Sanskrit dhumah, Old Church Slavonic dymu, Lithuanian dumai, Old Prussian dumis "smoke," Middle Irish dumacha "fog," Greek thymos "spirit, mind, soul").

v.

c.1400, "to fumigate," from Old French fumer, from Latin fumare "to smoke, steam," from fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (see fume (n.)). Figurative sense of "show anger" is first recorded 1520s. Related: Fumed; fumes; fuming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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fumes in Science
fume
  (fym)   
Smoke, vapor, or gas, especially if irritating, harmful, or smelly.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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