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fume

[fyoom] /fyum/
noun
1.
Often, fumes. any smokelike or vaporous exhalation from matter or substances, especially of an odorous or harmful nature:
tobacco fumes; noxious fumes of carbon monoxide.
2.
an irritable or angry mood:
He has been in a fume ever since the contract fell through.
verb (used with object), fumed, fuming.
3.
to emit or exhale, as fumes or vapor:
giant stacks fuming their sooty smoke.
4.
to treat with or expose to fumes.
5.
to show fretful irritation or anger:
She always fumes when the mail is late.
verb (used without object), fumed, fuming.
6.
to rise, or pass off, as fumes:
smoke fuming from an ashtray.
7.
to emit fumes:
The leaky pipe fumed alarmingly.
Origin of fume
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Old French fum < Latin fūmus smoke, steam, fume
Related forms
fumeless, adjective
fumelike, adjective
fumer, noun
fumingly, adverb
unfuming, adjective
Synonyms
2. rage, fury, agitation, storm. 5. chafe, fret.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for fumes
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • You inhale the fumes till a state approaching intoxication ensues, but you must sit there all the same, for there is no escape.

    Nasby in Exile David R. Locke
  • For that reason, as well as because of the fumes in his brain, he did not hear the coming of the automobile.

    Way of the Lawless Max Brand
  • In the centre of this room is a large boiler heated by gas-burners, the fumes from which pass through a large flue to the outside.

  • But Thrasydaeus was laid asleep the while where the fumes of wine had overpowered him.

    Hellenica Xenophon
  • She said it was nothing serious, simply that I was unaccustomed to the fumes from the fires, which had gone to my head.

    Two Years in the Forbidden City The Princess Der Ling
British Dictionary definitions for fumes

fume

/fjuːm/
verb
1.
(intransitive) to be overcome with anger or fury; rage
2.
to give off (fumes) or (of fumes) to be given off, esp during a chemical reaction
3.
(transitive) to subject to or treat with fumes; fumigate
noun
4.
(often pl) a pungent or toxic vapour
5.
a sharp or pungent odour
6.
a condition of anger
Derived Forms
fumeless, adjective
fumelike, adjective
fumer, noun
fumingly, adverb
fumy, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Old French fum, from Latin fūmus smoke, vapour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for fumes

fume

n.

late 14c., from Old French fum "smoke, steam, vapor, breath," from Latin fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (source of Italian fumo, Spanish humo), from PIE *dheu- (cf. Sanskrit dhumah, Old Church Slavonic dymu, Lithuanian dumai, Old Prussian dumis "smoke," Middle Irish dumacha "fog," Greek thymos "spirit, mind, soul").

v.

c.1400, "to fumigate," from Old French fumer, from Latin fumare "to smoke, steam," from fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (see fume (n.)). Figurative sense of "show anger" is first recorded 1520s. Related: Fumed; fumes; fuming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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fumes in Science
fume
  (fym)   
Smoke, vapor, or gas, especially if irritating, harmful, or smelly.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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