Electricity. electricity, especially as produced by chemical action.
Medicine/Medical. the therapeutic application of electricity to the body.

1790–1800; < French galvanisme, named after Luigi Galvani; see -ism Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
galvanism (ˈɡælvəˌnɪzəm)
1.  obsolete electricity, esp when produced by chemical means as in a cell or battery
2.  med treatment involving the application of electric currents to tissues
[C18: via French from Italian galvanismo, after Luigi Galvani]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

"electricity produced by chemical action," 1797, from Fr. galvanisme or It. galvanismo, from It. physicist Luigi Galvani (1737-1798) who discovered it while running currents through the legs of dead frogs.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Among these is a keen interest in the advances which have been made of late iv galvanism, electricity and magnetism.
In galvanism, our countrymen have made many important discoveries.
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