It is the participation of the gamete in the process that is our criterion of what is and what is not heredity.
The two were mutually exclusive so far as the gamete was concerned.
For on hypothesis every gamete must be pure for one or other of these two characters.
The saving grace is with the gamete, and with the gamete alone.
What is the relation between gamete and zygote, between zygote and gamete?
But any individual sex-cell, or gamete, cannot (according to his view) bear both Dominant and Recessive traits.
The factor for this or that unit-character is either present in the gamete or it is not present.
But the problem of the way in which characters are distributed from gamete to zygote and from zygote to gamete remained as before.
For two series each consisting of four different types of gamete we require a square divided up into 16 parts.
Beyond their existence in the gamete and their mode of transmission we make no suggestion as to the nature of these factors.
"sexual protoplasmic body," 1880, coined 1878 by German cytologist Eduard Strasburger (1844-1912), the widespread attribution to Mendel being apparently erroneous; from Greek gamete "a wife," gametes "a husband," from gamein "to take to wife, to marry," from PIE root *gem(e)- "to marry" (cf. Greek gambros "son-in-law, father-in-law, brother-in-law;" Sanskrit jamih "brother, sister," jama daughter-in-law;" Avestan zama-tar "son-in-law;" Latin gener "son-in-law"). Cf. also -gamy. The seventh month of the ancient Attic calendar (corresponding to late January and early February) was Gamelion, "Month of Marriages."
gamete gam·ete (gām'ēt', gə-mēt')
A reproductive cell having the haploid number of chromosomes, especially a sperm or egg capable of fusing with a gamete of the opposite sex to produce a fertilized egg.
A cell whose nucleus unites with that of another cell to form a new organism. A gamete contains only a single (haploid) set of chromosomes. Animal egg and sperm cells, the nuclei carried in grains of pollen, and egg cells in plant ovules are all gametes. Also called germ cell, reproductive cell, sex cell. See Note at mitosis.