gemma

[jem-uh]
noun, plural gemmae [jem-ee] .
1.
a bud.
2.
Botany. a cell or cluster of cells, or a leaflike or budlike body, that separates from the parent plant to form a new organism, as in mosses and liverworts.

Origin:
1760–70; < Latin: bud, gem

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World English Dictionary
gemma (ˈdʒɛmə)
 
n , pl -mae
1.  a small asexual reproductive structure in liverworts, mosses, etc, that becomes detached from the parent and develops into a new individual
2.  zoology another name for gemmule
 
[C18: from Latin: bud, gem]
 
gemmaceous
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
gemma   (jěm'ə)  Pronunciation Key 
Plural gemmae (jěm'ē')
A budlike mass of undifferentiated tissue which serves as a means of vegetative reproduction among mosses and liverworts. The gemmae, often formed in structures called gemma cups, are usually dispersed from the parent plant by the splashing of raindrops, after which they develop into new individuals.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Gemma was charged with one count of bribery concerning programs receiving federal funds.
Gemma says she's been out in the field nearly every day, but has also been able to sit in on negotiation meetings.
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