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gemmule

[jem-yool] /ˈdʒɛm yul/
noun
1.
Botany, gemma.
2.
Zoology. an asexually produced mass of cells that is capable of developing into an animal, as a freshwater sponge.
3.
Evolution. one of the hypothetical living units conceived by Darwin in the theory of pangenesis as the bearers of the hereditary attributes.
Origin
1835-1845
1835-45; < French < Latin gemmula. See gemma, -ule
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for gemmule

gemmule

/ˈdʒɛmjuːl/
noun
1.
(zoology) a cell or mass of cells produced asexually by sponges and developing into a new individual; bud
2.
(botany) a small gemma
3.
a small hereditary particle postulated by Darwin in his theory of pangenesis
Word Origin
C19: from French, from Latin gemmula a little bud; see gem
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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gemmule in Medicine

gemmule gem·mule (jěm'yōōl)
n.
The small bud that projects from the parent cell during gemmation.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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gemmule in Science
gemmule
  (jěm'yl)   
A small gemma or similar structure, especially a reproductive structure in some sponges that remains dormant through the winter and later develops into a new individual.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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