9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[jeen-yuh l, jee-nee-uh l] /ˈdʒin yəl, ˈdʒi ni əl/
warmly and pleasantly cheerful; cordial:
a genial disposition; a genial host.
favorable for life, growth, or comfort; pleasantly warm; comfortably mild:
the genial climate of Hawaii.
characterized by genius.
Origin of genial1
1560-70; < Latin geniālis festive, jovial, pleasant, equivalent to geni(us) tutelary deity, the spirit of social enjoyment + -ālis -al1
Related forms
genially, adverb
[jee-nee-al-i-tee] /ˌdʒi niˈæl ɪ ti/ (Show IPA),
genialness, noun
overgeniality, noun
1. friendly, hearty, pleasant, agreeable.


[juh-nahy-uh l] /dʒəˈnaɪ əl/
adjective, Anatomy, Zoology
of or relating to the chin.
1825-35; < Greek génei(on) chin, derivative of gén(ys) jaw (compare Latin gena) + -al1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for genial
  • All trusted him completely, regarding this genial gnome as something of a financial genius.
  • As a producer and writer on his first radio programs, she helped establish his genial, folksy tone that continues to this day.
  • In fact, he appeared relaxed and genial.
  • Some of this we probably know intuitively, e.g., comfort tends to make people more genial.
  • Haring has silver hair, a deep, soothing voice and a genial smile that seems to involve nearly every line and muscle in his face.
  • All those young men were just enabling this genial goofiness, I reasoned.
  • Onstage, he is a genial host, funny and assured.
  • The elements usually include lively guests, good food and drink, and a genial ambiance.
  • Though he can be genial and very funny, he has never been able to shake his label as a tyrant of fine dining.
  • The tools are top quality, the hosts genial and omniscient.
British Dictionary definitions for genial


/ˈdʒiːnjəl; -nɪəl/
cheerful, easy-going, and warm in manner or behaviour
pleasantly warm, so as to give life, growth, or health: the genial sunshine
Derived Forms
geniality (ˌdʒiːnɪˈælɪtɪ), genialness, noun
genially, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from Latin geniālis relating to birth or marriage, from genius tutelary deity; see genius


(anatomy) of or relating to the chin
Word Origin
C19: from Greek geneion, from genus jaw
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Contemporary definitions for genial

pertaining to the chin

Word Origin

Greek geneion 'chin''s 21st Century Lexicon
Copyright © 2003-2014, LLC
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Word Origin and History for genial

1560s, "pertaining to marriage," from Latin genialis "pleasant, festive," literally "pertaining to marriage rites," from genius "guardian spirit" (see genius). Originally used in the Latin literal sense; meaning "cheerful, friendly" first recorded 1746. Related: Genially.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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genial in Medicine

genial ge·ni·al (jĭ-nī'əl) or ge·ni·an (-ən)
Of or relating to the chin.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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