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genus

[jee-nuh s] /ˈdʒi nəs/
noun, plural genera
[jen-er-uh] /ˈdʒɛn ər ə/ (Show IPA),
genuses.
1.
Biology. the usual major subdivision of a family or subfamily in the classification of organisms, usually consisting of more than one species.
2.
Logic. a class or group of individuals, or of species of individuals.
3.
a kind; sort; class.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; < Latin: race, stock, kind, gender; cognate with Greek génos. See gens, gender1, kin
Related forms
pseudogenus, noun, plural pseudogenera, pseudogenuses.
Can be confused
genius, genus.
genus, species.

et hoc genus omne

[et hohk ge-noo s ohm-ne; English et hok jee-nuh s om-nee] /ɛt ˈhoʊk ˈgɛ nʊs ˈoʊm nɛ; English ɛt ˈhɒk ˈdʒi nəs ˈɒm ni/
Latin.
1.
and all this (or that) sort of thing.

et id genus omne

[et id ge-noo s ohm-ne; English et id jee-nuh s om-nee] /ɛt ˈɪd ˈgɛ nʊs ˈoʊm nɛ; English ɛt ˈɪd ˈdʒi nəs ˈɒm ni/
Latin.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for genus
  • The breadth of the genus is stunning, he says.
  • Suggested penalty for anyone trafficking in the genus Phrynosoma (horned toads) will be 60 days in jail and a 200-dollar fine.
  • The wasp, in the genus Trissolcus, may be able to nip the stink bug explosion in the bud by preying on stink bug eggs.
  • This occurred in the origin of our genus Homo about 2.4 million years ago.
  • Later, they were moved to the genus Pelargonium.
  • Any of several fast-growing deciduous trees of the genus Populus having unisexual flowers borne in catkins.
  • Members of the genus Genlisea grow what appear to be traps, but never seem to catch anything.
  • He loves to classify: genus, species, subspecies.
  • Additionally other species of the genus Bos are often called cattle or wild cattle.
  • The okapi is the only other living animal in the Giraffa genus.
British Dictionary definitions for genus

genus

/ˈdʒiːnəs/
noun (pl) genera (ˈdʒɛnərə), genuses
1.
(biology) any of the taxonomic groups into which a family is divided and which contains one or more species. For example, Vulpes (foxes) is a genus of the dog family (Canidae)
2.
(logic) a class of objects or individuals that can be divided into two or more groups or species
3.
a class, group, etc, with common characteristics
4.
(maths) a number characterizing a closed surface in topology equal to the number of handles added to a sphere to form the surface. A sphere has genus 0, a torus, genus 1, etc
Word Origin
C16: from Latin: race
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for genus
n.

(plural genera), 1550s as a term of logic, "kind or class of things" (biological sense dates from c.1600), from Latin genus (genitive generis) "race, stock, kind; family, birth, descent, origin," cognate with Greek genos "race, kind," and gonos "birth, offspring, stock," from PIE root *gen(e)- "produce, beget, be born" (cf. Sanskrit janati "begets, bears," janah "race," janman- "birth, origin," jatah "born;" Avestan zizanenti "they bear;" Greek gignesthai "to become, happen;" Latin gignere "to beget," gnasci "to be born," genius "procreative divinity, inborn tutelary spirit, innate quality," ingenium "inborn character," germen "shoot, bud, embryo, germ;" Lithuanian gentis "kinsmen;" Gothic kuni "race;" Old English cennan "beget, create;" Old High German kind "child;" Old Irish ro-genar "I was born;" Welsh geni "to be born;" Armenian chanim "I bear, I am born").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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genus in Medicine

genus ge·nus (jē'nəs)
n. pl. gen·er·a (jěn'ər-ə)
A taxonomic category ranking below a family and above a species and generally consisting of a group of species exhibiting similar characteristics.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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genus in Science
genus
  (jē'nəs)   
Plural genera (jěn'ər-ə)
A group of organisms ranking above a species and below a family. The names of genera, like those of species, are written in italics. For example, Periplaneta is the genus of the American cockroach, and comes from the Greek for "wandering about." See Table at taxonomy.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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genus in Culture
genus [(jee-nuhs)]

In biology, the classification lower than a family and higher than a species. Wolves belong to the same genus as dogs. Foxes belong to a different genus from that of dogs and wolves, but to the same family. (See Linnean classification.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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