gestalt

gestalt

[guh-shtahlt, -shtawlt, -stahlt, -stawlt]
noun, plural gestalts, gestalten [guh-shtahl-tn, -shtawl-, -stahl-, -stawl-] . (sometimes initial capital letter) Psychology.
1.
a configuration, pattern, or organized field having specific properties that cannot be derived from the summation of its component parts; a unified whole.
2.
an instance or example of such a unified whole.

Origin:
1920–25; < German: figure, form, structure

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To gestalt
Collins
World English Dictionary
Gestalt (ɡəˈʃtælt)
 
n , pl -stalts, -stalten
(sometimes not capital) See also Gestalt psychology a perceptual pattern or structure possessing qualities as a whole that cannot be described merely as a sum of its parts
 
[C20: German: form, from Old High German stellen to shape]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Gestalt
1922, from Ger. Gestaltqualität (1890, introduced by Ger. philosopher Christian von Ehrenfels, 1859-1932), from M.H.G. gestalt "form, configuration, appearance," abstracted from ungestalt "deformity," noun use of adj. ungestalt "misshapen," from gestalt, obsolete pp. of stellen "to place, arrange."
As a school of psychology, it was founded c.1912.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

gestalt ge·stalt or Ge·stalt (gə-shtält', -shtôlt', -stält', -stôlt')
n. pl. ge·stalts or ge·stalt·en (-shtält'n, -shtôlt'n, -stält'n, -stôlt'n)
A physical, biological, psychological, or symbolic configuration or pattern of elements so unified as a whole that its properties cannot be derived from a simple summation of its parts. Also called gestalt phenomenon.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature