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gill1

[gil] /gɪl/
noun
1.
the respiratory organ of aquatic animals, as fish, that breathe oxygen dissolved in water.
2.
Also called lamella. one of the radiating vertical plates on the underside of the cap of an agaric mushroom.
verb (used with object)
4.
to gut or clean (fish).
Idioms
5.
to catch (fish) by the gills in a gill net.
6.
green / white around the gills, somewhat pale, as from being sickly, nervous, or frightened:
When he heard how much the bill was, he looked a little green around the gills.
7.
to the gills, Informal. fully; completely; totally:
After that big meal we were all stuffed to the gills.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English gile < Scandinavian; compare Old Norse gjǫlnar < *gelnō; cognate with Swed gäl, Danish gælle, Norwegian gjelle gill
Related forms
gill-less, adjective
gill-like, adjective

gill2

[jil] /dʒɪl/
noun
1.
a unit of liquid measure equal to ¼ pint (118.2937 ml).
Origin
1225-75; Middle English gille < Old French: vat, tub < Late Latin gello, gillo water pot

gill3

[gil] /gɪl/
noun, British
1.
a deep rocky cleft or wooded ravine forming the course of a stream.
2.
a stream; brook; rivulet.
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English gille < Old Norse gil

gill4

[jil] /dʒɪl/
noun
1.
a girl or young woman; sweetheart.
Origin
1400-50; late Middle English gil(le) generic use of Gil(le), short form of Gillian; see Gillian

gill5

[gil] /gɪl/
noun
1.
a faller used in the combing process, generally for only the highest-quality fibers.
verb (used with object)
2.
to comb (fibers) with a gill.
Origin
1830-40; perhaps special use of gill1

Gill

[gil for 1; jil for 2] /gɪl for 1; dʒɪl for 2/
noun
1.
a male given name.
2.
a female given name.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for gill
  • Commercial fisheries there operate year round, primarily harvesting with trawlers and gill nets.
  • Many have been snared by gill and trawl nets with only a few hundred surviving.
  • While a stingray's mouth is on the underside of its body, along with its nostrils and gill slits, its eyes are on the top.
  • They do this work at night, patrolling gill nets from sundown until sunup.
  • And an inflatable kayak and a gill net would have been worth their weight in gold.
  • Glover found the same thing in a similar experiment involving gill tissues.
  • Manta rays killed so quacks can sell their gill rakers.
  • gill, bravely, says she wants to see her dancers as objects.
  • In the case of sharks five gill covers and in elephant fish one.
  • gill also contends that the district court erred when it denied his request for the appointment of counsel.
British Dictionary definitions for gill

gill1

/ɡɪl/
noun
1.
the respiratory organ in many aquatic animals, consisting of a membrane or outgrowth well supplied with blood vessels. External gills occur in tadpoles, some molluscs, etc; internal gills, within gill slits, occur in most fishes related adjective branchial
2.
any of the radiating leaflike spore-producing structures on the undersurface of the cap of a mushroom
verb
3.
to catch (fish) or (of fish) to be caught in a gill net
4.
(transitive) to gut (fish)
See also gills
Derived Forms
gilled, adjective
gill-less, adjective
gill-like, adjective
Word Origin
C14: of Scandinavian origin; compare Swedish gäl, Danish gjælle, Greek khelunē lip

gill2

/dʒɪl/
noun
1.
a unit of liquid measure equal to one quarter of a pint
2.
(Northern English, dialect) half a pint, esp of beer
Word Origin
C14: from Old French gille vat, tub, from Late Latin gillō cooling vessel for liquids, of obscure origin

gill3

/ɡɪl/
noun (dialect)
1.
a narrow stream; rivulet
2.
a wooded ravine
3.
(capital when part of place name) a deep natural hole in rock; pothole: Gaping Gill
Word Origin
C11: from Old Norse gil steep-sided valley

gill4

/dʒɪl/
noun
1.
(archaic) a girl or sweetheart
2.
(dialect) a female ferret Also spelt jill
3.
an archaic or dialect name for ground ivy
Word Origin
C15: special use of Gill, short for Gillian, girl's name

Gill

/ɡɪl/
noun
1.
(Arthur) Eric (Rowton). 1882–1940, British sculptor, engraver, and typographer: his sculptures include the Stations of the Cross in Westminster Cathedral, London
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gill
n.

"organ of breathing in fishes," early 14c., of unknown origin, perhaps from a Scandinavian source, e.g. Old Norse giolnar which perhaps means "gills;" Old Danish -gæln (in fiske-gæln "fish gill"). Related: Gills.

liquid measure (commonly a half-pint), late 13c., from Old French gille, a wine measure, and directly from Medieval Latin gillo "earthenware jar," of uncertain origin.

Gill

fem. proper name, see Jill.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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gill in Science
gill
  (gĭl)   

  1. The organ that enables most aquatic animals to take dissolved oxygen from the water. It consists of a series of membranes that have many small blood vessels. Oxygen passes into the bloodstream and carbon dioxide passes out of it as water flows across the membranes.

  2. One of the thin strips of tissue on the underside of the cap of many species of basidiomycete fungi. Gills produce the spore-bearing structures known as basidia.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for gill

in biology, type of respiratory organ found in many aquatic animals, including a number of worms, nearly all mollusks and crustaceans, some insect larvae, all fishes, and a few amphibians. The gill consists of branched or feathery tissue richly supplied with blood vessels, especially near the gill surface, facilitating the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide with the surrounding water. The gills may be enclosed in cavities, through which the water is often forcibly pumped, or they may project from the body into the water.

Learn more about gill with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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