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gout

[gout] /gaʊt/
noun
1.
an acute, recurrent disease characterized by painful inflammation of the joints, chiefly those in the feet and hands, and especially in the great toe, and by an excess of uric acid in the blood.
2.
a mass or splash, as of blood; spurt.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English goute < Old French < Latin gutta a drop (of fluid); gout in the feet formerly was attributed to drops of a corrupted humor
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for gout
  • gout is a disease involving uric acid deposits in the joints.
  • The disease is particularly mysterious because other than gout the birds look fine.
  • gout is a kind of arthritis that occurs when uric acid builds up in blood and causes joint inflammation.
  • The specific symptoms of gout depend on the stage of the disease.
  • The roll call of famous gout sufferers is long and distinguished.
  • Properly treated gout rarely poses a long-term health threat.
  • High levels of uric acid can cause gout or kidney disease.
  • No other disease has the aristocratic lineage of gout.
  • Doctors usually recommend a diet heavy on dairy products and light on meat and fish for people who have gout.
  • Decades ago, the drug allopurinol was a godsend for gout sufferers.
British Dictionary definitions for gout

gout

/ɡaʊt/
noun
1.
a metabolic disease characterized by painful inflammation of certain joints, esp of the big toe and foot, caused by deposits of sodium urate in them
2.
(archaic) a drop or splash, esp of blood
Derived Forms
gouty, adjective
goutily, adverb
goutiness, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French goute gout (thought to result from drops of humours), from Latin gutta a drop

goût

/ɡu/
noun
1.
taste or good taste
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gout
gout
late 13c., from O.Fr. gote "gout, drop," from L. gutta "a drop," in M.L. "gout," of unknown origin. The disease was thought to be caused by drops of viscous humors seeping from the blood into the joints, which turned out to be close to the truth.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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gout in Medicine

gout (gout)
n.
An inherited disorder of uric-acid metabolism occurring predominantly in men, characterized by painful inflammation of the joints, especially of the feet and hands, and arthritic attacks resulting from elevated levels of uric acid in the blood and the deposition of urate crystals around the joints. The condition can become chronic and result in deformity.


gout'y adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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gout in Science
gout
  (gout)   
An inherited disorder of uric acid metabolism occurring predominantly in men, characterized by painful inflammation of the joints. Elevated levels of uric acid in the blood result in deposition of crystals of uric acid salts (known as urates) around the joints, causing arthritis. The condition can become chronic and result in deformity.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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gout in Culture
gout [(gowt)]

A disorder of metabolism characterized by attacks of painful inflammation in the joints, particularly those of the feet and hands. The inflammation is caused by the deposition of crystals of uric acid in the joints. Gout occurs most often in middle-aged men. The tendency toward developing gout is inherited. Stress, fatigue, or excessive exercise are among the factors that can bring on an attack.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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