gout

[gout]
noun
1.
an acute, recurrent disease characterized by painful inflammation of the joints, chiefly those in the feet and hands, and especially in the great toe, and by an excess of uric acid in the blood.
2.
a mass or splash, as of blood; spurt.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English goute < Old French < Latin gutta a drop (of fluid); gout in the feet formerly was attributed to drops of a corrupted humor

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
gout (ɡaʊt)
 
n
1.  a metabolic disease characterized by painful inflammation of certain joints, esp of the big toe and foot, caused by deposits of sodium urate in them
2.  archaic a drop or splash, esp of blood
 
[C13: from Old French goute gout (thought to result from drops of humours), from Latin gutta a drop]
 
'gouty
 
adj
 
'goutily
 
adv
 
'goutiness
 
n

goût (ɡu)
 
n
taste or good taste

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

gout
late 13c., from O.Fr. gote "gout, drop," from L. gutta "a drop," in M.L. "gout," of unknown origin. The disease was thought to be caused by drops of viscous humors seeping from the blood into the joints, which turned out to be close to the truth.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

gout (gout)
n.
An inherited disorder of uric-acid metabolism occurring predominantly in men, characterized by painful inflammation of the joints, especially of the feet and hands, and arthritic attacks resulting from elevated levels of uric acid in the blood and the deposition of urate crystals around the joints. The condition can become chronic and result in deformity.


gout'y adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
gout   (gout)  Pronunciation Key 
An inherited disorder of uric acid metabolism occurring predominantly in men, characterized by painful inflammation of the joints. Elevated levels of uric acid in the blood result in deposition of crystals of uric acid salts (known as urates) around the joints, causing arthritis. The condition can become chronic and result in deformity.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
gout [(gowt)]

A disorder of metabolism characterized by attacks of painful inflammation in the joints, particularly those of the feet and hands. The inflammation is caused by the deposition of crystals of uric acid in the joints. Gout occurs most often in middle-aged men. The tendency toward developing gout is inherited. Stress, fatigue, or excessive exercise are among the factors that can bring on an attack.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Gout is a disease involving uric acid deposits in the joints.
The disease is particularly mysterious because other than gout the birds look
  fine.
Gout is a kind of arthritis that occurs when uric acid builds up in blood and
  causes joint inflammation.
The specific symptoms of gout depend on the stage of the disease.
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