gratuitous

[gruh-too-i-tuhs, -tyoo-]
adjective
1.
given, done, bestowed, or obtained without charge or payment; free; voluntary.
2.
being without apparent reason, cause, or justification: a gratuitous insult.
3.
Law. given without receiving any return value.

Origin:
1650–60; < Latin grātuītus free, freely given, spontaneous, derivative of grātus thankful, received with thanks (for formation cf. fortuitous); see -ous

gratuitously, adverb
gratuitousness, noun
nongratuitous, adjective
nongratuitously, adverb
nongratuitousness, noun
ungratuitous, adjective
ungratuitously, adverb
ungratuitousness, noun

gracious, gratis, gratuitous.


2. unnecessary, superfluous, redundant; causeless, unreasonable, groundless, unprovoked, unjustified.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To gratuitous
Collins
World English Dictionary
gratuitous (ɡrəˈtjuːɪtəs)
 
adj
1.  given or received without payment or obligation
2.  without cause; unjustified
3.  law given or made without receiving any value in return: a gratuitous agreement
 
[C17: from Latin grātuītus, from grātia favour]
 
gra'tuitously
 
adv
 
gra'tuitousness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

gratuitous
1656, "freely bestowed," from L. gratuitus "free, spontaneous, voluntary," from gratia "favor." Sense of "uncalled for, done without good reason" is first recorded 1691.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Example sentences
But they cannot understand breaking the law as anything but gratuitous
  rebellion.
That said, there is of course no ethical justification for causing gratuitous
  suffering among our animal kin.
They may just not be as open culturally to gratuitous violence.
Indeed, much of the novel's unpleasantness is gratuitous, or at least a
  violation of the genre's conventions.
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;